But where do consumers with poor credit history and no savings turn? Not many financial borrowing products are available to those who need it most. Christmas loans are a cheery-sounding financial product that offer fast cash during the holiday season to those who may not be able to borrow elsewhere. But are these loans naughty or nice?
- What Is a Christmas Loan?
- Christmas Loans Pros and Cons
- Are Christmas Loans Really Just Payday Loans Wrapped in a Neat Bow?
- What To Watch Out For When Taking Out a Christmas Loan
- What Does a Christmas Loan Really Cost You?
- Christmas Loan Alternatives
- When Are Christmas Loans a Good Idea?
A Christmas loan is a type of short-term personal loan marketed to fund holiday spending for things like Christmas gifts and holiday travel. Like other types of personal loans, Christmas loans are installment loans with a set repayment period that can be secured — backed by collateral like a vehicle or savings account — or unsecured. If a borrower defaults on a secured loan, the lender can claim the asset used as collateral to reimburse itself for the unpaid loan.
Terms for Christmas loans depend on the borrower’s credit history and income. The higher the applicant’s credit score, the more likely the lender will offer an unsecured loan with an interest rate lower than the average credit card APR.
A holiday loan gets tricky for borrowers with low credit scores. The best terms may not be available to an applicant with a checkered credit history. Some holiday loans don’t require a credit check, but tend to have incredibly high interest rates — up to 1,564.28% APR — that could get a borrower in trouble.
Here’s a quick look at the pros and cons of a Christmas loan to help you decide if this borrowing option is right for you.
|Christmas Loans Pros and Cons|
|Fast access to money, as soon as the same business day||Interest rates as high as 1,564.28% APR|
|Some Christmas loans don’t require a credit check||Interest rates for borrowers with low credit scores typically higher than a credit card’s APR|
|No use restrictions||Expensive fees|
|Short-term loan with a fixed payment timeline||Missing payments or taking longer to pay back the loan costs more and can worsen a person’s financial situation|
|Borrowers with good credit have access to favorable interest rates, lower than credit card interest rates –especially if eligible to borrow from a credit union||Lenders may link to borrower’s bank accounts for automatic repayments of the loan, which can run up overdraft fees if bank account balance is too low|
|Loan applications often fast and simple to complete||Late payments can affect credit score if lender reports to credit bureaus|
Many Christmas loans marketed to borrowers with poor credit that need cash fast are payday loans with a holiday-themed name. Like payday loans, they usually offer smaller loan amounts that must be repaid over a shorter period — usually from one paycheck to the next. Unfortunately, a payday loan could cost far more than some people can afford.
Before taking out a loan, do your research and compare several financial products and services when shopping for a Christmas loan. Some loan interest rates and fee structures could cost you more than you were willing to borrow in the first place. When comparison shopping for a Christmas loan, review:
- The loan’s interest rate
- Additional fees like prepayment penalties or borrowing costs
- Repayment period
- Other loan terms
Just because a Christmas loan is short-term doesn’t mean the high interest rate won’t affect you. Read on to discover how much a payday loan — disguised as a short-term Christmas loan — could cost you.
Christmas loans that are structured like payday loans charge a percentage or dollar amount for every $100 borrowed. This method is costly and can get a borrower in trouble. Here’s how:
- You need to borrow $500 ASAP.
- The lender discloses they will charge $15 for every $100 you borrow.
- You borrow $500.
- You repay the loan plus fees for a total of $575 in two weeks.
That equates to an annual percentage rate of almost 400% for a two-week loan. Although the APR of 400% is shocking, the $75 borrowing fee may be a lifesaver if you’re in a pinch and have an emergency that can’t wait. But what happens if you can’t repay the loan in two weeks?
Some states may allow you to roll over the loan amount another two weeks, according to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. Here’s what happens when you do:
- You still owe the $500 + $75 in loan fees for the first two weeks.
- Add an extra $75 in fees for the original balance you’re still borrowing.
- You have another two weeks to repay the loan.
Borrowing $500 for one month will end up costing you $650. Were the items you purchased and borrowed money for worth the $650 they will eventually cost you?
If you continue to roll over the loan, you’ll owe double what you borrowed in no time. As you can see, Christmas loans and payday loans can cause a borrower who doesn’t pay their loan off on time to land in financial trouble. Cheaper alternatives are out there.
Unless you’re able to qualify for an unsecured Christmas loan with low-interest rates, such as from a credit union, there are better alternatives for financing your holiday spending. Here are some Christmas loan alternatives to consider:
The best way to fund your holiday spending is by setting aside a small monthly amount throughout the year toward a Christmas savings account or prepaid debit card. Setting a Christmas spending budget ahead of time that’s based on the amount you’ve saved for Christmas will keep you debt-free into the new year.
Credit cards usually offer better interest rates than Christmas loans. And if you have a rewards or cashback card, leverage the rewards or cash-back bonuses to apply toward your holiday gifts and spending.
If you’re planning on some larger holiday purchases, signing up for a credit card with an introductory 0% APR on purchases can allow you to more time to pay off your Christmas spending, without accruing interest on your purchases.
According to the Wall Street Journal, more employers are starting to offer paycheck advances or loans, which can be a good option if you’re short on cash and need to borrow money at a favorable rate in a hurry. Your chances of receiving an advance are good if your boss has faith in you as a long-term employee.
Borrowing money from friends and family is a cheaper way to cover a cash shortfall during the holidays. When borrowing from loved ones, make sure you’re able to pay them back in a timely manner that won’t affect their finances — or your relationship.
In most cases, Christmas loans are never a good idea. Unless you can qualify for a competitive interest rate and favorable loan terms and conditions, you should consider Christmas loan alternatives. Most people that can qualify for good terms on a Christmas loan because they have a good credit history and long-term employment could probably qualify for a better loan product like a personal loan or credit card.
Unless borrowing during the holidays is needed to cover an emergency or unforeseen situation, it’s a better idea to cut back on holiday purchases. Spend responsibly and within your means. If the cost of Christmas gifts and other holiday obligations is more than you can afford, it’s time to reconsider if your holiday spending is worth sacrificing your peace of mind and future financial independence.
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