Economy, Labor Market to Improve ‘Rapidly’ in 2021, According to Congressional Budget Office

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The Congressional Budget Office released its economic outlook today, saying that gross domestic product will expand “rapidly” over the coming year and that labor market conditions will continue to improve as well, thanks largely to COVID vaccinations.

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“Over the course of the coming year, vaccination is expected to greatly reduce the number of new cases of COVID-19. As a result, the extent of social distancing is expected to decline. In its new economic forecast, which covers the period from 2021 to 2031, the Congressional Budget Office therefore projects that the economic expansion that began in mid-2020 will continue,” according to the report.

The CBO projects that GDP will return to its pre-pandemic level in mid-2021 and the number of people employed will return to its pre-pandemic level in 2024, according to the report. In 2020, real GDP decreased 3.5% from the 2019 annual level, compared with an increase of 2.2% in 2019. The 2020 figure prompted several analysts to deem 2020 “the worst year for economic growth since the Second World War.”

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In terms of unemployment, the CBO projects that its rate will gradually decline through 2026. It expects unemployment to fall from the current 6.8% to 5.3% in 2021 and 4.9% in 2022.

The agency is using this economic forecast as the basis for updating its budget projections. It plans to release those projections later this month. However, the CBO forecast doesn’t take into account the $1.9 trillion new stimulus relief package proposed by the Biden administration. “In CBO’s projections, which incorporate the assumptions that current laws governing federal taxes and spending (as of January 12) generally remain in place and that no significant additional emergency funding or aid is provided, the economy continues to strengthen during the next five years,” according to the report.

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About the Author

Yaël Bizouati-Kennedy is a full-time financial journalist and has written for several publications, including Dow Jones, The Financial Times Group, Bloomberg and Business Insider. She also worked as a vice president/senior content writer for major NYC-based financial companies, including New York Life and MSCI. Yaël is now freelancing and most recently, she co-authored  the book “Blockchain for Medical Research: Accelerating Trust in Healthcare,” with Dr. Sean Manion. (CRC Press, April 2020) She holds two master’s degrees, including one in Journalism from New York University and one in Russian Studies from Université Toulouse-Jean Jaurès, France.
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