As an author, award-winning TV show host and public speaker, Suze Orman’s advice when it comes to debt, saving money, investing and lending has helped millions of Americans gain a better handle on their finances. With a direct approach and practical advice that gets to the heart of the matter, Orman is one of today’s most popular and respected financial experts.
In a 2015 episode of “The Suze Orman Show,” Orman reminded viewers of her “Forever Nevers” — critical money mistakes that you should never make. To complement that list, here are six tips from Orman to help keep your finances in check.
1. Get the Big Picture of Your Financial Situation
“It’s impossible to map out a route to your destination if you don’t know where you’re starting from,” Orman told O, The Oprah Magazine. To know where you’re headed, you’ll need to get a panoramic view of your finances, what Orman calls a “before” snapshot to shape the “after.”
“You’ve heard me say this a million times, but I want you to open every single financial statement — bank, credit card, mortgage, 401k, brokerage account — and take a look,” she wrote. “Only when you have everything in front of you can you set priorities about what to do next.”
Once you’ve gotten an overview of your finances — what’s good, what’s bad, what needs improving — then you can start prioritizing and developing a plan to meet your unique needs.
2. Track Your Spending
It’s not always the big purchases that can cause your budget to fail. Orman suggested taking a good look at every single expense you have to see where you might be overspending or losing money on unnecessary purchases.
“You know the big-ticket expenses in your life, but all of the smaller spending can also be a killer,” Orman said. “Take a look at your monthly outflow, and I guarantee you will have a few ‘Yikes, I had no idea’ moments.”
One way to gauge your spending is to collect all of your checking account and credit card statements, plus receipts, and put them into an expense tracker. With the tracker, you can modify your spending and see what can you eliminate and where you can save.
3. Strategically Pay Off Your Credit Card Debt
You might think that paying down your credit card balance little by little is making a dent in your debt. But you might be going in circles if the money you’re forking over each month to your provider is going toward your interest, not your principal. Orman wrote about a more strategic way to eliminate debt from your life without having to forgo your credit card use.
“See if you can qualify for a balance transfer card that offers a low or 0 percent introductory interest rate for the first six to 12 months,” she said. “If you can get a good deal, move your high-rate debt to that new card. Do not use the card for any new charges, and push yourself hard to pay off the balance as soon as possible. If you don’t qualify, no worries. Always pay the minimum due on each card, on time, every month.”
Orman is similar to Dave Ramsey in her advice to start by paying off the most expensive debt first and work your way down from there until you’re debt free if you’re juggling multiple forms of debt at once.
4. Take Stock of Your Investment Goals
One of Orman’s “Forever Nevers” is warning against investing in variable annuities, as insurance-derived products have fees that might reduce your earnings. Orman is also averse to investing money in long-term accounts if you need your money quickly; and savings, certificates of deposit or money market accounts don’t give back yields high enough to sustain your finances for the far future.
Orman warns that if most of your invested money is sitting in a mostly liquid, cash-based account, it won’t be earning enough interest to beat the rate of inflation — leaving you with little to show for it. Orman’s solution is to instead buy stocks.
“To fulfill a long-term investment goal, like funding your retirement, consider buying stocks,” she wrote. “The more distant your financial target, the longer inflation will gnaw at the purchasing power of your money. What you can get for $100 today will cost nearly $200 in 20 years if inflation averages 3.5 percent.”
Related: 12 Investing Hacks for Beginners
5. Fortify Your Emergency Fund
Opinions vary on how much your emergency fund should be. It depends on many factors, like how many months you want to cover and how much you want to have in your reserve. Orman has her own dollar figure she said everyone should aim for.
“By now, I am sure you have started saving,” she said. “The next step is to keep at it until you have at least eight months’ worth of living expenses.”
To do this, you’ll need to start saving more money. To free up more cash to tuck into your emergency savings, Orman recommended cutting back on your monthly spending by about 10 percent; you can save an additional 10 percent, she said, by shopping around for lower insurance rates. You might also want to consider contributing more to your employer-sponsored 401k or switching to a Roth IRA for better, more tax-advantaged savings potential.
6. Buy — Don’t Lease
Many people think the benefits of leasing a car outweigh buying one new. For one, it’s cheaper because a lease is not a loan and has no interest rate attached to it. If you lease a used or certified pre-owned car, you could save money because the vehicle has already gone through its biggest period of depreciation in value by the time you take the wheel. Nonetheless, Orman advised against leasing a car, unless you want to be making payments forever.
“If the lessees are rolling into a new contract every three years … they’re going to be making monthly payments indefinitely,” Orman wrote. “If you’re shopping for new wheels … don’t lease.” In fact, she said to go for a shorter, 36-month loan, even if longer terms or other financing deals are offered. Otherwise, you’ll be stuck paying more interest for a longer period of time, and that’s money you could have saved or invested elsewhere.
“Borrow the smallest amount of money possible and pay it back as soon as you can,” Orman said. It’s another financial step to take that can keep you and your money growing for a long time to come.
Keep Reading: 5 Times Suze Orman Didn’t Follow Her Own Advice
Tailor these tips to work for your own financial situation so that you’ll be on your way to managing your money like an expert. By being proactive with your money, you’ve already avoided committing what might be the biggest money mistake of all.