Every year as the holidays grow closer, nervous cooks flood the internet with searches for “how to cook a turkey.” It’s not that there aren’t plenty of options for prepping the main component of your Thanksgiving feast. If anything, there might be too many.
Each method of cooking a turkey has its own pros and cons, and some require a heavy investment in additional equipment. Here is how several common options compare in cost and convenience, and how they impact your stress levels.
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1. Traditional Oven Roasting
This isn’t necessarily the best way to cook a turkey, but it’s the most familiar. More importantly you already have an oven, so at most you’ll need to invest in a roasting pan. The finished bird will be golden and beautiful, ideal for bringing it whole to the table.
The National Turkey Federation suggests roasting your bird uncovered at 325º F. For a 15-pound bird, cooking time will be approximately four hours.
- Crisp, golden-brown skin
- Concentrated drippings for gravy
- Turkey can be dry if overcooked
- Smaller quantity of drippings than with other methods
- Occupies your oven, limiting possible side dishes
- Disposable foil roaster: $2.33
- Traditional oval roaster: $11.99
2. Slow Cooker
“Roasting” your turkey in a slow cooker can remove stress from your day. The finished bird will be tender and juicy, although the texture will be a bit softer than you would get with an oven-roasted bird. However, you will need to cut up the turkey so it cooks quickly enough to stay safe for consumption.
Heat your slow cooker on high for at least 20 minutes. Cut an 8-to-10-pound bird into leg and breast quarters — for a larger bird, you’ll need two cookers. Layer the quarters into the cooker with the thighs underneath the breasts. Cook on high for five to six and one-half hours.
- Oven stays free for other dishes
- Finished bird is tender and juicy
- More drippings for gravy, because of limited evaporation
- Texture may not appeal to all diners
- Skin will not crisp and brown, except where it’s in contact with the cooker’s insert
- No whole bird to carve at table
- Slow cooker: $29.99 and up
3. Countertop Roaster
A turkey cooked in a countertop roaster is similar to one roasted in the oven, although you’ll lose less moisture because of the relatively small air space within the roaster. An 18-quart roaster will hold a turkey of up to 22 pounds, and roast the bird in about the same time as a conventional oven.
Roaster manufacturer Nesco recommends preheating to 400º F, then starting the bird at that temperature for the first hour. Reduce the temperature to 350º F for the remainder of your cooking time, 15 to 20 minutes per pound.
- Oven stays free for other dishes
- Lots of drippings for gravy
- Bird stays moist unless badly overcooked
- Less browning than oven roasting
- Roasters are bulky, and can cut into your countertop prep space
- Countertop roaster: $49.95 and up
Oven-roasting and countertop appliances have one thing in common: They keep the turkey in your kitchen, where everything else is also under assembly. Grilling your bird means it’s completely out of the way.
Set up your grill for indirect heat. On a gas grill, that means lighting one side but not the other. On a charcoal grill, you’ll rake the coals to the sides. Put a shallow pan of water under the unheated portion of the grill.
Position the bird over the pan, then close the lid and adjust the gas — or for charcoal, the vents — until the temperature stabilizes at 325º F. Roast for 15 to 20 minutes per pound, or roughly four hours for a 15-pound bird.
- Frees up your kitchen and oven to prepare other dishes
- Rich, roasted flavor with a pleasant hint of smoke, especially if you cook over charcoal
- Cooking time is similar to roasting
- Dividing your attention between kitchen and grill can be a distraction
- Maintaining a steady temperature can be difficult if the weather is cold or windy
- Propane: $3.99
- Charcoal: $11.60
Smoking your turkey takes you into enthusiast territory. Grilling is still just another way to roast the bird, while a smoked turkey makes for a very different meal. This isn’t for the faint of heart: It takes some significant preparation time, and the end result won’t be the traditional turkey your invited guests might expect.
Brine your turkey, using either the wet or dry technique. Dry the bird thoroughly if you use a wet brine. Fill your smoker’s water pan and smoke box, and bring it up to a temperature of between 225º F and 300º F. The lower the temperature, the smokier the bird. Cook for approximately 30 minutes per pound, or seven and one-half to eight hours for a 15-pound turkey.
- Frees up your kitchen for preparing other dishes
- Makes a moist turkey with lots of flavor
- No crispy skin
- No gravy, unless you make it separately from turkey broth
- Additional preparation required
- Cooking times extended by cold or windy conditions
- Kosher salt: 96 cents
- Hardwood for smoking: 24 cents or more
- Unless you have an electric smoker, you’ll also need to budget for charcoal or propane.
6. Turkey Fryer
Deep-frying the turkey is another outdoor technique — you really don’t want to do this on a stovetop. You’ll need a propane burner, a very large pot, a stable surface for the cooker to rest on and some way to lower the bird into the oil. The payoff? A juicy, beautifully golden bird that’s ready in a hurry.
Put your turkey in a large pot, and add water until it’s covered to a depth of 2 inches. Measure the water — that’s how much oil you’ll need. Fill the pot with oil and bring it to 350º F over your burner. Dry the turkey thoroughly and lower it into the oil.
Cook for three to five minutes per pound, or roughly 36 to 60 minutes for a 12-pound turkey, the largest-sized bird the U.S. Department of Agriculture recommends for this method.
- Very fast cooking
- The finished turkey is crisp and golden outside, moist and juicy inside
- It’s kind of fun
- Requires a lot of equipment and setup
- Potentially very dangerous if the cooker tips, or the oil ignites
- No gravy unless you prepare it separately from turkey stock
- Turkey-fryer kit: Approximately $100
- Propane: $4.79
- High-temperature oil: Approximately $49
7. Sous Vide
If you’ve always secretly wanted to try a state-of-the-art cooking technique, this is it. Cooking sous vide — in a vacuum — is a technique used by numerous top chefs, and it can give you a uniquely tender, moist turkey.
Cut the leg quarters, wings and breasts from the turkey. Separate the drumsticks and thighs, and seal them in a vacuum bag with the wings. Seal the breasts in a separate bag. Cook the legs and wings for four hours with your circulator set at 150º F, adding the breasts after the first hour.
To serve, broil or deep-fry the turkey pieces just long enough to make them golden and crisp the skin. Alternatively, tie two breasts together to make a “roast” and cook them for two and one-half to three hours.
- Frees your oven for preparing other dishes
- The finished turkey is unusually moist
- The vacuum bag retains richly flavored cooking juices for gravy
- Lacks the traditional “roasted” flavor
- No whole bird to carve at the table
- Requires a substantial investment in equipment
- Vacuum sealer: $119.95 and up
- Sous vide sealer bags: $1.28
- Sous vide circulator unit: $149 and up
The USDA recommends cooking a turkey to an internal temperature of 165º F. Use a meat thermometer or instant-read thermometer to check, rather than simply cooking for the recommended time and hoping for the best.
If you cook a turkey in a countertop roaster or slow cooker, you can brown and crisp the skin by transferring it to an oven set at 450º F for the final five to 10 minutes of cooking time.