If you struggle with managing money, you’re not alone. A GOBankingRates survey found that 40% of Americans have less than $300 in savings. That makes it hard to handle emergencies. Budgeting can help.
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There are many ways you can prepare a budget that suits your needs, particularly if it’s your first time. Take a look at this guide to help you get started.
What Are the Benefits of Budgeting?
Budgeting money doesn’t mean buckling down and never having a latte again. When it comes to how budgeting helps, it means:
- You know how much money is coming in and how much is going out. Based on your priorities, you decide how much you want to spend on flexible expenses.
- You have a road map to your short- and long-term financial goals. After budgeting living expenses, you find money for other goals, like saving and paying down debt.
- You understand what your income and expenses are. You avoid getting to the end of a month and wondering what happened to your money.
Types of Budgeting Methods
When it comes to how to approach budgeting, there’s an option for everyone. Here are some popular methods:
- 50/30/20: Developed by Sen. Elizabeth Warren, this budgeting method allocates 50% of your income to your needs, 30% to wants and 20% to building up savings and paying down debt.
- Zero-based budgeting: With zero-based budgeting, you allocate all of your income so that your income minus your expenses equals zero. Every dollar that comes in has a function.
- Envelope method: Popularized by Dave Ramsey, this method uses cash in envelopes to control spending. Each spending category has an envelope, and once the money is gone, you stop spending.
- Flexible budgeting: With a flexible budget, you reallocate your income and expenses as they change. This allows more flexibility, but it takes more time to manage.
- Static budgeting: As the name indicates, a static budget stays the same even if your income increases.
- 80/20: You focus on setting aside 20% of your income for savings. Everything else comes from the remaining 80%.
How To Create a Budget
Budgeting and forecasting isn’t always easy, but knowing the way to start can help. These step-by-step instructions for how to create a budget will get you going:
Steps To Create a Budget
- List all your living expenses.
- Start with budgeting living expenses like housing, food and transportation.
- List flexible and recurring expenses and debt payments.
- Add up your after-tax income.
- Include income from your spouse or partner and from full-time jobs, side hustles and other sources.
- Use your priorities to set aside money. Your priorities might include:
- Overall financial stability
- Establishing a savings or emergency fund
- Saving for retirement
- Paying down debt
- Saving for a large purchase like a home, car, education or starting a business
- Record and track your spending.
- You can use a notebook, a spreadsheet or a budgeting app. The important thing is to track your spending and note where you deviated from your plan.
- Tweak as needed.
- Over time, you’ll find out how to improve the budgeting process so that it better reflects your goals and priorities.
Budgeting Tips for Beginners
The best budget is one you can stick to. Here are a few tips.
What’s a Good Budget for You?
You want a budget that’s realistic. You may want to start with a few broad spending categories and narrow them down as you learn your spending patterns.
An elaborate budget may not be realistic. It’s OK to start slowly and with small goals. Even adding a small amount to savings each week adds up over time.
Choosing a Budgeting Method
The 80/20 budget is a good starting point since its goal is to help you build up your savings. The 50/30/20 budget is another beginner-friendly option since it helps you focus on what’s important: covering essential expenses, saving and paying down debt.
Any budgeting method can work, but it might take some experimenting to find the right one for you.
Use Tools and Budgeting Apps
Many banks offer tools to automate recurring payments and analyze your spending. You can also look at the many budgeting apps out there. Check user reviews and forums to see what might work best and what’s reliable.
Financial gurus are constantly offering what seems like new and exciting budgeting advice. While it might be tempting to go with a new method, it’s best to stick with what works for you.
If you’re a longtime user of an app or method, you have an established history that you can use to inform your decisions. If you want to try a new app or method, consider what sets it apart from what you’re doing now. Is it really better? Is it user-friendly? If so, make the switch slowly.
What To Consider When Making a Budget
Income and expenses might vary month by month. Preparation is key to riding them out while sticking to your budget. Consider the following factors that could affect your budget.
Budgeting can become an issue for self-employed and commission-based workers. It could also come into play with a side business. Once all monthly budget items are covered, this money can go to faster debt payoff, wants or savings.
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These expenses are predictable but infrequent. Property taxes and periodic car maintenance are examples. You can budget the amount in a specific month. Or, if you have less flexibility, a monthly contribution toward that eventual expense might work better.
These are irregular expenses that you can’t predict, such as a hospital visit or storm damage to your home. Create an emergency fund for these items by setting aside a percentage of income or maintaining a fixed amount in your savings account.
How To Improve Your Budgeting Process
When it comes to how to budget and save money, you’ll find that it’s an ongoing process. The best approach is to work to improve your approach regularly. Here are a few ways to do it.
Weekly and Monthly Monitoring
Each week, touch base with other spenders in your household so you’re on the same page with your income and expenses for the week.
Budgeting and forecasting should take place monthly. Look at the previous month and evaluate your spending as compared to your budget. One way to do this is by:
- Making a column for your spending budget
- Making a column for your actual spending
- Determining the percentage you spent in each category
- Calculating the difference between your budget and your actual spending
Adjusting and Reevaluating
Use your monthly monitoring to decide your budget percentages for the next month. Look at categories where you overspent and allocate funds or cut spending in those categories.
Building a Habit
Consider whether the method or app you used for the last month worked for you. Check in with your budget on a regular schedule. Set alarms or calendar appointments to monitor your budget.
Reflect on budget mistakes, but don’t let them hold you back. Regroup and keep going so you can meet your financial goals.
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Last updated: Sept. 16, 2021
This article has been updated with additional reporting since its original publication.