Social Security is at risk of running dry at some point in the future — a point that once seemed distant and not quite real to many young workers. Unfortunately, for the children and grandchildren of baby boomers, that day is now fast approaching.
It was once predicted that the fund that holds Social Security benefits for workers with disabilities would be depleted by 2024. However, experts now project that the Social Security trust fund will run out of money by 2017, with retirement benefits soon to follow in 2036. When that happens, the government will no longer be able to pay full benefits to seniors.
So how are today’s workers supposed to plan for retirement knowing they won’t be able to rely on SSI?
How Could Social Security Run Out of Money?
You must be wondering how it’s possible for a fund that every American worker pays into to run out of money before those same workers even reach retirement. There are actually several major causes of this problem.
Increased Life Expectancy
People are living longer, which means today’s retirees are enjoying a post-employment life that extends several years beyond the average from 40 years ago. That means they also require more money to live off than was paid into the system during their employment.
Rising Health Costs
Since retirees are sticking around longer, they’re also requiring more medical treatment — and the price tag on health care in the country is going up at the same time. According to a survey by the Kaiser Family Foundation, the average annual premium for a family increased to $16,351 last year, a 4 percent rise over the previous year. Combine the steady climb in health care expenses with the increased number of years seniors are expected to live, and the cost of living for retired workers grows exponentially.
With fewer people in the workforce, fewer taxes are collected — and as disabled workers struggle to find new jobs in a period of high unemployment, the Social Security system is strained beyond what it was built to handle. In 2011, the Associated Press reported that approximately 3.3 million people applied for federal disability benefits, 1 million more than the previous decade.
Mistakes in Payouts
When an agency is as gigantic as the Social Security Administration, there are bound to be errors that slip through the cracks. One such mistake: Social Security issues millions in benefits to deceased beneficiaries.
What Will Happen to Social Security Benefits?
It isn’t all doom and gloom for soon-to-be retirees. When the fund runs out, retired workers will still get some of their social security benefits. In fact, they’ll get a majority of their benefits — just not the full payout current retirees enjoy.
According to BusinessWeek.com, Social Security payments would need to be reduced by 23 percent when the trust fund runs dry. The remaining benefits would be funded by payroll taxes. That’s the plan, anyway.
Saving for Retirement Without SSI
Social Security, as a whole, is likely not going anywhere. Just to be safe, however, it’s probably best not to count on having much Social Security income (SSI) to pad your retirement savings. Here are a few tips to maximize your retirement savings and income:
- Start saving early: It’s the younger workers who should be most concerned about the future of Social Security, but they’re also the ones in the best position to rise above the problem. The earlier you begin saving and investing, the more aggressive you can be; that means you not only save more, but earn more interest. Even 20 dollars a month is better than zero.
- Don’t give in to lifestyle inflation: It’s easy for young, career-oriented employees to quickly increase their spending as they climb the rungs of the corporate ladder. Lifestyle inflation is fun while you’re working, but keep in mind you have to keep up your financial obligations without that fat paycheck someday. A common estimate for the amount you’ll need to support a comfortable retirement lifestyle is 80 percent of your current annual income per year.
- Delay benefits: Though you’re entitled to begin collecting benefits at full retirement age (67 if you were born after 1959), waiting to collect your benefits will entitle you to a larger check. In fact, you will receive an 8 percent increase for every year you delay benefits until you reach age 70, at which point benefits max out at their full potential.
In all likelihood, there’s no Social Security crisis now and there isn’t going to be later. Even if (or when) the Social Security trust fund empties, current taxes will account for a majority of the beneficiary payouts.
Social Security isn’t going to be what it is today, but it’s not going to disappear either.