Credit Privacy Numbers: What They Are and How To Avoid Scams

Photo of a stressed man going trough his financials problems,he is sitting in kitchen late at night checking and paying bills.
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Wouldn’t it be great to be able to leave bad credit behind and start over with a clean slate? Getting financing for a car or house would be so much easier if you could just pay to restart your credit history. That’s what companies that sell credit privacy numbers offer — a new credit identity. If that sounds too good to be true, it’s because it is. Read on to find out how to protect yourself from CPN scams.

What Is a CPN?

A CPN, also called a credit profile number, credit protection number or credit privacy number, is a nine-digit number that fake credit repair companies sell. These illegitimate companies instruct their victims to use CPNs in place of their Social Security number when applying for credit cards or loans.

These numbers are either randomly generated or, worse, they may be stolen Social Security numbers, usually from children. These companies may also tell their victims to apply for an individual taxpayer identification number from the IRS or fill out applications using false information.

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What Happens If You Use a CPN?

Using a CPN is illegal. If you use one, that is committing fraud. If you use one that is actually a stolen Social Security number, then that is committing fraud and identity theft — even if you don’t know who it was stolen from.

If you are caught using a CPN, you could face a hefty fine and even jail time. Not getting caught at the time of the application doesn’t mean you’ve gotten away with it. Identity theft is a federal crime. Depending on the state, the statute of limitations — the amount of time after a crime that someone can be punished for committing it — for identity theft could be anywhere from three years to forever. That means using a CPN once could be opening yourself to prosecution indefinitely.

Are Any CPNs Legitimate?

There are no legitimate or legal CPNs. All of the ads for CPNs are from scammers hoping to take your money and leave you with responsibility for the crime.

There are companies that will help you repair your credit legally. If you need assistance, options you can consider range from consulting and money coaches to help with bad habits to legal firms that do debt negotiation.

How To Avoid CPN and Other Credit Repair Scams

If you are at the point in your debt journey that you are considering working with a credit repair company, learn how to protect yourself from scams. Consider it a red flag if the entity you’re contemplating working with does any of the following:

  • Insists You Pay Upfront
    You may be asked to sign a contract or provide partial payment before a company starts doing work, but if you are asked for large amounts of money before any work is done, find another company.
  • Threatens You With Potential Consequences
    Making someone scared is a classic way to manipulate people. Don’t let a scammer scare you out of your money. If they start to get to you, contact a lawyer.
  • Doesn’t Explain Your Rights
    Credit repair companies will explain your rights to you pretty quickly in the onboarding process. This protects the company as much as it protects you.
  • Asks You To Falsify Information
    These companies may ask you to dispute things on your credit report, even if you know they are accurate. They may also recommend that you provide false contact information on your credit or loan applications, which is illegal.
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Tips To Raise Your Credit Score Without Using a CPN

If you’re not far enough along to need debt negotiation but still need to raise your credit score, here are some tips.

Pay Bills on Time

Make sure you are paying at least the minimum on any debt you owe. If you cannot afford even the minimum, you can reach out to a credit negotiation service.

Deal With Collections Accounts

Focus on bringing any delinquent or collections accounts up to date so they stop hurting your credit. If you make a payment plan, you can ask to have a remark removed from your credit report.

Put Extra Money Toward Debt

If you have extra money, putting it toward debt will reduce your interest and, in turn, the total amount you pay over time.

Get Credit for Utility Bills

With Experian Boost, Experian will raise your credit by looking at utility bills. It’s usually a very small increase. On average, users’ FICO scores have improved by 12 points as a result of a boost, according to data from Experian.


This tip can be the hardest, but it’s also the most guaranteed to work when combined with any other. Negative remarks will fall off your report and the age of your credit history will grow as long as you have at least one account open.

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Don’t fall for credit score myths or scams. It took time to get a bad credit score, and it will take time to repair it. Nothing is worth committing fraud, knowingly or unknowingly.

Our in-house research team and on-site financial experts work together to create content that’s accurate, impartial, and up to date. We fact-check every single statistic, quote and fact using trusted primary resources to make sure the information we provide is correct. You can learn more about GOBankingRates’ processes and standards in our editorial policy.

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About the Author

Diane Fogle is the owner and sole freelance writer at The Little Green Bird. She received her Masters of Library and Information Science from the University of Denver.  The research skills gained through that program, combined with a love of learning and intellectual freedom, have led her to a passion for helping businesses communicate with their customers. She lives in Colorado where she hikes with her husband, two young daughters and an old greyhound.
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