IMF Sees ‘Turning Point’ in Economy, Raises Economic Forecast

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In an optimistic sign for the global economy, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) recently revised — upward — its global growth forecast, despite some persistent headwinds such as Russia’s war in Ukraine and inflation.

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“The outlook is less gloomy than in our October forecast, and could represent a turning point, with growth bottoming out and inflation declining,” Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas, the IMF’s director of research, wrote in a blog post.

In its report, released Jan. 31, the IMF said it revised its outlook for global growth to 2.9% in 2023, 0.2 percentage points higher than predicted in its October 2022 outlook. While this represents a slowdown from 3.4% in 2022, it expects global growth to rebound to 3.1% in 2024.

China’s recent re-opening will also contribute to global growth and “has paved the way for a faster-than-expected recovery,” according to the report.

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The fight against inflation is starting to pay off, but central banks must continue their efforts, the IMF suggested — noting, however, that “growth will remain weak by historical standards, as the fight against inflation and Russia’s war in Ukraine weigh on activity,” per Gourinchas.

“Despite these headwinds, real GDP was surprisingly strong in the third quarter of 2022 in numerous economies, including the United States, the euro area, and major emerging market and developing economies,” the report further detailed.

This result was attributed to stronger than expected private consumption and households spending more, easing supply chain bottlenecks and declining transportation costs.

The IMF also said that U.S. growth will slow to 1.4% in 2023 as Federal Reserve interest rate hikes “work their way through the economy,” according to Gourinchas’ post.

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Finally, the IMF report indicated that global inflation is expected to fall to 6.6% in 2023 and 4.3% in 2024, from 8.8% in 2022 — still above pre-pandemic levels of about 3.5%.

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About the Author

Yaël Bizouati-Kennedy is a full-time financial journalist and has written for several publications, including Dow Jones, The Financial Times Group, Bloomberg and Business Insider. She also worked as a vice president/senior content writer for major NYC-based financial companies, including New York Life and MSCI. Yaël is now freelancing and most recently, she co-authored  the book “Blockchain for Medical Research: Accelerating Trust in Healthcare,” with Dr. Sean Manion. (CRC Press, April 2020) She holds two master’s degrees, including one in Journalism from New York University and one in Russian Studies from Université Toulouse-Jean Jaurès, France.
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