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Valerie Smith is a writer based in Southern California, specializing in legal, real estate, finance, and aviation topics. Valerie is a commercial pilot, FAA licensed aircraft dispatcher, FAA licensed Advanced and Instrument Ground Instructor, California real estate broker, and certified paralegal. Her work has appeared in numerous publications in print and online. A life-long California resident, Valerie holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from San Diego State University and attended Sheffield School of Aeronautics.