Consumer Price Index: How Much Did Inflation Increase the Price of Bacon, Bread and Eggs?

Mandatory Credit: Photo by Brennan Linsley/AP/Shutterstock (6126122a)Reyna DeLoge Grocery and dairy assistant Reyna DeLoge stocks dairy products that only use milk from pasture-raised cows, at Vitamin Cottage Natural Grocers, in Denver.
Brennan Linsley/AP/Shutterstock / Brennan Linsley/AP/Shutterstock

Americans continued to pay more for food in April — particularly for eggs and dairy products — though the rate of inflation eased from previous months, according to the latest U.S. government figures.

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Discover: Consumer Price Index: How Much Did Inflation Increase in April 2022?

Overall food prices for April 2022 climbed 0.9% from the previous month. This was a slowdown from the 1% monthly gains recorded in March and February, the Bureau of Labor Statistics announced Wednesday in its latest Consumer Price Index (CPI) for All Urban Consumers report.

Year-over-year, food prices climbed 9.4%, which was above the overall inflation rate of 8.3%.

Americans continued to see much higher prices at grocery stores, with food-at-home prices surging 10.8% year-over-year in April — the largest 12-month increase since November 1980. About the only good news was that the food-at-home index in April climbed 1% from the previous month, a slowdown from the 1.5% gain seen in March.

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Five of the six major grocery store indexes experienced monthly increases in April. The biggest hike among the indexes, at 2.5%, was for dairy and related products. That was the category’s highest monthly price increase in nearly 15 years. The index for nonalcoholic beverages also saw a sharp increase, at 2%.

If you are a bacon and meat lover, April wasn’t quite as bad on your wallet. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs rose 1.4% — pushed much higher by a 10.3% surge in the price of eggs.

Among other food-at-home indexes, cereals and bakery products increased 1.1% in April vs. the prior month. The index for other food-at-home items rose 0.7 %.

There was some cheery news for health-conscious consumers: Prices for fruits and vegetables actually declined in April, falling 0.3% from a month earlier. The index for fresh fruits saw a 0.5% dip, while the index for fresh vegetables was unchanged.

Eating out was a little easier on American wallets. The food away-from-home index rose “only” 7.2% year-over-year. That was mainly because limited-service meals saw a 7% gain. Things weren’t as good for those who prefer a full-service dining experience, however. The index for full-service meals climbed 8.7% over the last year, which was the largest 12-month increase since the inception of the index in 1997.

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On a brighter note, the index for food at employee sites and schools fell 30%, “reflecting widespread free lunch programs,” the BLS said.

Food prices have been pushed higher this year not only by the overall inflation rate in the United States but also by global events that have impacted the rest of the world. One of those events is Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. As previously reported by GOBankingRates, those two countries accounted for around 30% and 20% of global wheat and maize exports, respectively, over the past three years.

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Global food commodity prices in March climbed nearly 13% from the previous month, according to data from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) on April 8. Year over year, the world’s food commodity prices in March shot up a staggering 33.6%.

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About the Author

Vance Cariaga is a London-based writer, editor and journalist who previously held staff positions at Investor’s Business Daily, The Charlotte Business Journal and The Charlotte Observer. His work also appeared in Charlotte Magazine, Street & Smith’s Sports Business Journal and Business North Carolina magazine. He holds a B.A. in English from Appalachian State University and studied journalism at the University of South Carolina. His reporting earned awards from the North Carolina Press Association, the Green Eyeshade Awards and AlterNet. In addition to journalism, he has worked in banking, accounting and restaurant management. A native of North Carolina who also writes fiction, Vance’s short story, “Saint Christopher,” placed second in the 2019 Writer’s Digest Short Short Story Competition. Two of his short stories appear in With One Eye on the Cows, an anthology published by Ad Hoc Fiction in 2019. His debut novel, Voodoo Hideaway, was published in 2021 by Atmosphere Press.
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