Free COVID-19 Tests, Vaccines and More Gone in May as US Ends Public Health Emergency

Close Up Of Woman At Home Reading Instructions On Supply Of Covid-19 Rapid Antigen Self-Testing Kits.
Daisy-Daisy / Getty Images/iStockphoto

COVID-19 emergency efforts that began nearly three years ago will officially end in May, meaning that many Americans will no longer have access to the free tests and vaccines that became a key element in fighting the pandemic.

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In a Jan. 30 announcement, the White House said it would end the COVID-19 national emergency and public health emergency on May 11, 2023. Those initiatives were set to expire on March 1 and April 11, respectively, but the Biden administration extended both to May 11.

In its announcement, the White House said a continuation of the emergency declarations “does not impose any restriction at all on individual conduct with regard to COVID-19. They do not impose mask mandates or vaccine mandates. They do not restrict school or business operations. They do not require the use of any medicines or tests in response to cases of COVID-19.”

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When the emergency measures do end, they will have an immediate impact on how Americans navigate future COVID variants. As The New York Times reported, millions of Americans received free COVID tests, treatments and vaccines during the pandemic.

Many of those freebies will end when the emergency is over. A lot depends on what state you live in, as well as whether you have private insurance, Medicare coverage, Medicaid coverage or no health insurance.

The administration’s decision to extend the emergencies to May 11 gives hospitals and other healthcare organizations more time to prepare for changes when the emergencies are no longer in place. And by ending both emergency declarations on the same day, the administration hopes to guarantee an orderly transition.

“An abrupt end to the emergency declarations would create wide-ranging chaos and uncertainty throughout the health care system — for states, for hospitals and doctors’ offices, and, most importantly, for tens of millions of Americans,” the White House.

It is probably no coincidence that the announcement came as the GOP-controlled U.S. House of Representatives prepares to vote on a bill that would immediately end the public health emergency. The White House opposes such a measure, but Republicans continue to press forward with it.

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“Rather than waiting until May 11, the Biden administration should join us now in immediately ending this declaration,” Rep. Steve Scalise (R-Louisiana) and majority leader said in a statement. “The days of the Biden administration being able to hide behind Covid to waste billions of taxpayer dollars on their unrelated, radical agenda are over.”

The White House has countered that federal spending on free COVID tests, treatments and vaccines has led to a major decrease in both cases and deaths. COVID was the third-leading cause of death from 2020 through mid-2022 but is now no longer among the top five killers, federal officials told the New York Times.

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Meanwhile, some Democrats wonder whether the White House is ending the emergency too early.

“I’ve yet to hear, ‘Okay, here is the rationale,'” Sen. Tim Kaine (D-Va.), a member of the Senate health committee, told Politico. “I’m sure that they have one, I just haven’t heard it.”

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About the Author

Vance Cariaga is a London-based writer, editor and journalist who previously held staff positions at Investor’s Business Daily, The Charlotte Business Journal and The Charlotte Observer. His work also appeared in Charlotte Magazine, Street & Smith’s Sports Business Journal and Business North Carolina magazine. He holds a B.A. in English from Appalachian State University and studied journalism at the University of South Carolina. His reporting earned awards from the North Carolina Press Association, the Green Eyeshade Awards and AlterNet. In addition to journalism, he has worked in banking, accounting and restaurant management. A native of North Carolina who also writes fiction, Vance’s short story, “Saint Christopher,” placed second in the 2019 Writer’s Digest Short Short Story Competition. Two of his short stories appear in With One Eye on the Cows, an anthology published by Ad Hoc Fiction in 2019. His debut novel, Voodoo Hideaway, was published in 2021 by Atmosphere Press.
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