Ranked: The Best and Worst States for Income Tax

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Tax time is looming, but filing taxes isn’t always simple or straightforward. While the same rules apply to taxpayers when it comes to paying federal income taxes, each state has its own tax code and its own set of regulations for filing state taxes.

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To help you understand how state income taxes could impact you this year, GOBankingRates looked at four factors that affect your state income filing: state income brackets and their associated tax rates for single and joint filers; standard deduction amounts for single and joint filers; the personal exemption per filer; and the personal exemption per dependent.

With that information in hand, GOBankingRates ranked each of the 50 states from worst to best. The states are ranked by the effective income tax rate a person making the median income in that state could expect to pay, given a single filer with no dependents.

The following calculations were made based on 2021 state tax information sourced from the Tax Foundation and accurate as of January 2021. City- and county-level income taxes were not taken into account.

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50. Oregon State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

5% > $0
7% > $3,550
9% > $8,900
9.9% > $125,000

Standard deduction: $2,315

Tax credit per filer and per dependent: $210

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

5% > $0
7% > $7,100
9% > $17,800
9.9% > $250,000

Standard deduction: $4,630

Tax credit per filer and per dependent: $210

Yes, federal taxes are deducted on a resident’s state return in Oregon while other local income taxes might be added. Even so, it’s the state that charges its median wage earner the highest rate, as a single filer making Oregon’s median income of $62,818 can expect to pay $5,196 in state income taxes, or 8.27% of yearly income.

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49. Hawaii State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

1.4% > $0
3.2% > $2,400
5.5% > $4,800
6.4% > $9,600
6.8% > $14,400
7.2% > $19,200
7.6% > $24,000
7.9% > $36,000
8.25% > $48,000
9% > $150,000
10% > $175,000
11% > $200,000

Standard deduction: $2,200

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $1,144

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

1.4% > $0
3.2% > $4,800
5.5% > $9,600
6.4% > $19,200
6.8% > $28,800
7.2% > $38,400
7.6% > $48,000
7.9% > $72,000
8.25% > $96,000
9% > $300,000
10% > $350,000
11% > $400,000

Standard deduction: $4,400

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $1,144

For Hawaii residents, federal tax payments are not deducted before state tax payments are due. Residents don’t owe other local income taxes.

A single filer earning Hawaii’s median income of $81,275 can expect to pay $5,777 in state income taxes, the highest dollar amount of any state, or 7.11% of yearly income.

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48. Montana State Income Tax

Single and Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

1% > $0
2% > $3,100
3% > $5,400
4% > $8,200
5% > $11,100
6% > $14,300
6.9% > $18,400

Standard deduction: $4,710 for single filers, $9,420 for joint filers.

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $2,510

In Montana, federal taxes are deducted on the state return. No other local taxes are levied.

A single filer making Montana’s median income of $54,970 can expect to pay $2,881 in state income taxes, or 5.24% of yearly income.

Learn More: State Income Tax Rates Explained

47. Arkansas State Income Tax

Single and Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

2% > $0
4% > $4,000
5.9% > $8,000

Standard deduction: $2,200 for single filers, $4,400 for joint filers.

Tax credit per filer and per dependent : $26

In Arkansas, federal tax payments are not deducted when factoring in the state return. Residents might also owe municipal or county taxes.

A single filer earning the median income of $47,597 in Arkansas can expect to pay $2,446 in state income taxes, or 5.14% of yearly income.

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In Your State: Here’s How Much Your State Collects on Every Type of Tax

46. Minnesota State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

5.35% > $0
6.8% > $26,960
7.85% > $88,550
9.85% > $164,400

Standard deduction: $12,400

Personal exemptions per filer: N/A

Exemptions per dependent: $4,300

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

5.35% > $0
6.8% > $39,410
7.85% > $156,570
9.85% > $273,470

Standard deduction: $24,800

Personal exemptions per filer: N/A

Exemptions per dependent: $4,300

In Minnesota, federal tax payments are not deducted on state returns.

A single filer making Minnesota’s median income of $71,306 can expect to pay $3,615 in state income taxes, or 5.07% of yearly income.

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45. New York State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

4% > $0
4.5% > $8,500
5.25% > $11,700
5.9% > $13,900
6.21% > $21,400
6.49% > $80,650
6.85% > $215,400
8.82% > $1,077,550

Standard deduction: $8,000

Personal exemptions per filer: N/A

Exemptions per dependent: $1,000

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

4% > $0
4.5% > $17,150
5.25% > $23,600
5.90% > $27,900
6.09% > $43,000
6.41% > $161,550
6.85% > $323,200
8.82% > $2,155,350

Standard deduction: $16,050

Personal exemptions per filer: N/A

Exemptions per dependent: $1,000

Federal taxes are not deducted on state returns in New York, and some other local income taxes might be owed.

A single filer earning the median income in New York of $68,486 can expect to pay $3,469 in state income taxes, or 5.07% of yearly income.

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44. Virginia State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

2% > $0
3% > $3,000
5% > $5,000
5.75% > $17,000

Standard deduction: $4,500

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $930

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

2% > $0
3% > $3,000
5% > $5,000
5.75% > $17,000

Standard deduction: $9,000

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $930

In Virginia, federal tax payments are not deducted on residents’ state returns. Additionally, no other income taxes are added for local counties or municipalities.

A single filer making the median income of $74,222 in Virginia can expect to pay $3,752 in state income taxes, or 5.05% of yearly income.

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43. Georgia State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

1% > $0
2% > $750
3% > $2,250
4% > $3,750
5% > $5,250
5.75% > $7,000

Standard deduction: $4,600

Personal exemptions per filer: $2,700

Exemptions per dependent: $3,000

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

1% > $0
2% > $1,000
3% > $3,000
4% > $5,000
5% > $7,000
5.75% > $10,000

Standard deduction: $6,000

Personal exemptions per couple: $7,400

Exemptions per dependent: $3,000

Federal taxes are not deducted before state income is determined. Georgia residents do not pay any other local income taxes.

Single filers making Georgia’s median income of $58,700 can expect to pay $2,938 in state income taxes, or 5.01% of their incomes.

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42. Massachusetts State Income Tax

Single and Joint Filers

All Massachusetts residents, regardless of how they’re filing, owe a flat 5% of their taxable income to the state.

Standard deduction: N/A

Personal exemptions per filer: $4,400

Exemptions per dependent: $1,000

Federal tax payments aren’t deducted on the state return in Massachusetts, and no other local income taxes apply.

A single filer earning Massachusetts’ median income of $81,215 can expect to pay $4,061 which would be 5% of yearly income.

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41. New Hampshire State Income Tax

Single and Joint Filers

All residents, regardless of how they’re filing, owe a flat 5% of their taxable income to the state.

Standard deduction: N/A

Personal exemptions per filer: $2,400

Exemptions per dependent: N/A

Federal taxes are not deducted before assessing the state tax burden in New Hampshire. No other local income taxes apply.

A single filer making the annual median income in New Hampshire of $76,768 can expect to pay $3,838 in state income taxes, or 5% of yearly income.

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40. California State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

1% > $0
2% > $8,809
4% > $20,883
6% > $32,960
8% > $45,753
9.3% > $57,824
10.3% > $295,373
11.3% > $354,445
12.3% > $590,742
13.3% > $1 million

Standard deduction: $4,537

Tax credit per filer: $122

Tax credit per dependent: $378

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

1% > $0
2% > $17,618
4% > $41,766
6% > $65,920
8% > $91,506
9.3% > $115,648
10.3% > $590,746
11.3% > $708,890
12.3% > $1 million
13.3% > $1,181,484

Standard deduction: $9,074

Tax credit per filer: $244

Tax credit per dependent: $378

In California, federal tax payments are not deducted on state returns and no other local income taxes are added to the state return.

A single filer making California’s median income of $75,235 can expect to pay $3,743 in state income taxes, or 4.98% of yearly income.

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39. Illinois State Income Tax

Both single and joint filers pay 4.95% of their federal adjusted gross income, with modification, in state income taxes.

Standard deduction: N/A

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $2,275

Federal tax payments are not deducted before assessing local tax burdens in Illinois. No other local income taxes apply.

A single filer making Illinois’s median income of $65,886 can expect to pay $3,261 in state income taxes, or 4.95% of yearly income.

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38. Maine State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

5.8% > $0
6.75% > $22,200
7.15% > $52,600

Standard deduction: $12,400

Personal exemptions per filer: $4,300

Personal exemptions per dependent: $300

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

5.8% > $0
6.75% > $44,450
7.15% > $105,200

Standard deduction: $24,800

Personal exemptions per filer: $4,300

Personal exemptions per dependent: $300

Federal tax payments are not deducted on state returns in Maine, and residents are not subjected to additional local income taxes.

A single filer earning Maine’s median income of $57,918 annually can expect to pay $2,862 in state income taxes, or 4.94% of yearly income.

37. Connecticut State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

3% > $0
5% > $10,000
5.5% > $50,000
6% > $100,000
6.5% > $200,000
6.9% > $250,000
6.99% > $500,000

Standard deduction: N/A

Personal exemptions per filer: $15,000

Exemptions per dependent: $0

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

3% > $0
5% > $20,000
5.5% > $100,000
6% > $200,000
6.5% > $400,000
6.9% > $500,000
6.99% . $1,000,000

Standard deduction: N/A

Personal exemptions per filer: $24,000

Exemptions per dependent: $0

In Connecticut, federal taxes are not reduced from one’s income when calculating state taxes, and no local income taxes are added.

A single filer making Connecticut’s median income of $78,444 can expect to pay $3,864 in state income taxes, or 4.93% of yearly income.

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36. Idaho State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

1.13% > $0
3.13% > $1,541
3.63% > $3,081
4.63% > $4,622
5.63% > $6,162
6.63% > $7,703
6.93% > $11,554

Standard deduction: $12,400

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: N/A

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

1.13% > $0
3.13% > $3,082
3.63% > $6,162
4.63% > $9,244
5.63% > $12,324
6.63% > $15,406
6.93% > $23,108

Standard deduction: $24,800

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: N/A

In Idaho, federal tax payments are not deducted before local tax payments are assessed. No other local income taxes are due.

A single filer making Idaho’s median income of $55,785 can expect to pay $2,741 in state income taxes, or 4.91% of yearly income.

35. Utah State Income Tax

The same flat 4.9% tax rate applies to all income-earning residents in Utah.

Standard deduction per filer: $744

Personal exemptions per filer: N/A

Exemptions per dependent: $579

Federal taxes are not deducted on state returns and no other local income taxes are added.

A single filer making Utah’s median income of $71,621 can expect to pay $3,508 in state income taxes, or 4.9% of yearly income.

34. Delaware State Income Tax

Single and Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

2.2% > $2,000
3.9% > $5,000
4.8% > $10,000
5.2% > $20,000
5.55% > $25,000
6.6% > $60,000

Standard deduction: $3,250 for single filers, $6,500 for joint filers.

Tax credit per filer and per dependent: $110

Federal taxes are not removed before calculating state tax burden in Delaware, and residents might owe local income taxes at municipal or county levels.

A single filer making Delaware’s median income of $68,287 can expect to pay $3,276 in state income taxes, or 4.8% of his income.

33. Iowa State Income Tax

Single and Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

0.33% > $0
0.67% > $1,638
2.25% > $3,276
4.14% > $6,552
5.63% > $14,742
5.96% > $24,570
6.25% > $32,760
7.44% > $49,140
8.53% > $73,710

Standard deduction: $6,275 for single filers, $12,550 for joint filers.

Tax credit per filer and per dependent: $40

Federal tax payments are removed before assessing local tax payments in Iowa. Local taxes beyond state payments might apply.

Given Iowa’s median income of $60,523, a single filer can expect to pay $2,874 in state income taxes, or 4.75% of yearly income.

32. Kentucky State Income Tax

Both single and joint filers pay 5% of their federal adjusted gross income in state income taxes.

Standard deduction per filer: $2,650 for single filers, $5,300 for joint filers.

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: N/A

In Kentucky, federal tax payments are not deducted when assessing state taxes. Some other local income taxes might apply.

Single filers earning Kentucky’s median income of $50,589 can expect to pay $2,397 in state income taxes, or 4.74% of their incomes.

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31. Alabama State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

2% > $0
4% > $500
5% > $3,000

Standard deduction: $2,500

Personal exemptions per filer: $1,500

Exemptions per dependent: $1,000

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket:

2% > $0
4% > $1,000
5% > $6,000

Standard deduction: $7,500

Personal exemptions per filer: $1,500

Exemptions per dependent: $1,000

In Alabama, federal taxes are deducted before state taxes are determined, and local municipal or county taxes might apply.

A single filer making Alabama’s median income of $50,536 can expect to pay $2,362 in state income taxes, or 4.67% of yearly income.

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30. Kansas State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

3.1% > $0
5.25% > $15,000
5.7% > $30,000

Standard deduction: $3,000

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $2,250

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

3.1% > $0
5.25% > $30,000
5.7% > $60,000

Standard deduction: $7,500

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $2,250

No other local taxes apply in Kansas, and federal tax payments are not deducted before assessing one’s state tax burden.

A single filer making Kansas’s median income of $59,597 will pay roughly $2,769 in state income taxes, or 4.65% of yearly income.

29. Colorado State Income Tax

In Colorado, all residents pay 4.63% of their federal taxable income, with modification, to the state. Taxes at the municipal or county levels could be levied, and one’s federal tax burden is not deducted before calculating one’s state return.

A single filer residing in Colorado and making the median income of $72,331 can expect to pay $3,349 in state income taxes, or 4.63% of yearly income.

28. Nebraska State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

2.46% > $0
3.51% > $3,290
5.01% > $19,700
6.84% > $31,750

Standard deduction: $7,000

Tax credit per filer and per dependent: $140

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

2.46% > $0
3.51% > $6,570
5.01% > $39,410
6.84% > $63,500

Standard deduction: $14,000

Tax credit per filer and per dependent: $140

Federal taxes are not deducted on the state filing in Nebraska, and no other local taxes are owed on income.

A single filer earning the median income in Nebraska would make $61,439 a year and owe $2,813 in state income tax, which would be 4.58% of yearly income.

27. Maryland State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

2% > $0
3% > $1,000
4% > $2,000
4.75% > $3,000
5% > $100,000
5.25% > $125,000
5.5% > $150,000
5.75% > $250,000

Standard deduction: $2,300

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $3,200

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

2% > $0
3% > $1,000
4% > $2,000
4.75% > $3,000
5% > $150,000
5.25% > $175,000
5.5% > $225,000
5.75% > $300,000

Standard deduction: $4,600

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $3,200

Other local taxes might apply in Maryland for some residents, and federal tax payments are not deducted on state returns before assessing local tax burdens.

A single filer earning Maryland’s median income of $84,805 will pay roughly $3,866 in state income taxes, or 4.56% of yearly income.

26. Wisconsin State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

4% > $0
5.21% > $11,970
6.27% > $23,930
7.65% > $263,480

Standard deduction: $11,050

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $700

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

4% > $0
5.21% > $15,960
6.27% > $31,910
7.65% > $351,310

Standard deduction: $20,470

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $700

In Wisconsin, federal tax payments are not deducted on the state return and no other local income taxes apply.

A single filer making Wisconsin’s median income of $61,747 can expect to pay $2,780 in state income taxes, or 4.5% of yearly income.

25. South Carolina State Income Tax

Single and Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

0% > $0
3% > $3,070
4% > $6,150
5% > $9,230
6% > $12,310
7% > $15,400

Standard deduction: $12,400 for single filers, $24,800 for joint filers.

Personal exemptions per filer:  N/A

Exemptions per dependent: $4,190

Federal tax payments are not deducted on the state return and no other local taxes are added.

A single filer earning the median income in South Carolina of $53,199 can expect to pay $2,333 in state income taxes, or 4.39% of yearly income.

24. Mississippi State Income Tax

Single and Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

3% > $3,000
4% > $5,000
5% > $10,000

Single Filers

Standard deduction: $2,300

Personal exemptions per filer: $6,000

Exemptions per dependent: $1,500

Joint Filers

Standard deduction: $4,600

Personal exemptions per filer: $12,000

Exemptions per dependent: $1,500

Federal tax payments are not deducted from one’s taxes on the state level in Mississippi. Also, no other local taxes are due in the state.

Single filers earning Mississippi’s median income of $45,081 can expect to pay $1,959 in state income taxes, or 4.35% of their incomes.

23. Michigan State Income Tax

Single and Joint Filers

All residents, regardless of how they’re filing, owe 4.25% of their federal adjusted gross income.

Standard deduction: N/A

Personal exemptions per filer: $4,750

Exemptions per dependent: $4,400

Federal tax payments aren’t deducted on the state return in Michigan, and other local municipal or county taxes might also be due.

A single filer making Michigan’s median income of $57,144 can expect to pay $2,429 in state income taxes, or 4.25% of yearly income.

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22. West Virginia State Income Tax

Single and Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

3% > $0
4% > $10,000
4.5% > $25,000
6% > $40,000
6.5% > $60,000

Standard deduction: N/A

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $2,000

In West Virginia, federal tax payments are not deducted on state returns, but local income taxes could be levied.

A single filer making West Virginia’s median income of $46,711 will pay about $1,978 in state income taxes, or 4.23% of yearly income.

21. North Carolina State Income Tax

Single and joint filers in North Carolina pay a flat 5.25% tax on all income. Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent are not applicable for both single and joint filers. The standard deduction is $10,750 for single filers and $21,500 for joint filers.

A single filer making North Carolina’s median income of $54,602 can expect to pay $2,302 in state income taxes, or 4.22% of his income.

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20. Oklahoma State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

0.50% > $0
1% > $1,000
2% > $2,500
3% > $3,750
4% > $4,900
5% > $7,200

Standard deduction: $6,350

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $1,000

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

0.50% > $0
1% > $2,000
2% > $5,000
3% > $7,500
4% > $9,800
5% > $12,200

Standard deduction: $12,700

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $1,000

Taxes paid on one’s federal taxes are not deducted when filing state taxes in Oklahoma. No other local taxes are added to state filings.

In Oklahoma, a single filer earning the median income in the state of $52,919 can expect to pay $2,140 in state income taxes, or 4.04% of yearly income.

19. Vermont State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

3.35% > $0
6.6% > $39,600
7.6% > $96,000
8.75% > $200,200

Standard deduction: $6,150

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $4,250

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

3.35% > $0
6.6% > $66,150
7.6% > $159,950
8.75% > $243,750

Standard deduction: $12,300

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $4,250

Federal taxes are not deducted on state returns in Vermont, and no other local income taxes are added to the state return.

A single filer residing in Vermont and earning the median income of $61,973 can expect to pay $2,397 in state income taxes, or 3.87% of yearly income.

18. Missouri State Income Tax

Single and Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

1.5% > $105
2% > $1,053
2.5% > $2,106
3% > $3,159
3.5% > $4,212
4% > $5,265
4.5% > $6,318
5% > $7,371
5.4% > $8,424

Standard deduction: $12,400 for single filers, $24,800 for joint filers.

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: N/A

In Missouri, the federal tax payment is deducted on the state filing, also other local income taxes might apply.

Single filers making Missouri’s median income of $55,461 can expect to pay $2,143 in state income taxes, or 3.86% of their incomes.

17. New Jersey State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

1.4% > $0
1.75% > $20,000
3.5% > $35,000
5.53% > $40,000
6.37% > $75,000
8.97% > $500,000
10.75% > $5 million

Standard deduction: N/A

Personal exemptions per filer: $1,000

Exemptions per dependent: $1,500

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

1.4% > $0
1.75% > $20,000
2.45% > $50,000
3.5% > $70,000
5.53% > $80,000
6.37% > $150,000
8.97% > $500,000
10.75% > $5 million

Standard deduction: N/A

Personal exemptions per filer: $1,000

Exemptions per dependent: $1,500

Federal taxes are not deducted on state returns in New Jersey, and some other local municipal and county taxes might apply.

A single filer residing in New Jersey and earning the median income of $82,545 can expect to pay $3,134 in state income taxes, or 3.8% of yearly income.

16. Louisiana State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

2% > $0
4% > $12,500
6% > $50,000

Standard deduction: N/A

Personal exemptions per filer: $4,500

Exemptions per dependent: $1,000

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

2% > $0
4% > $25,000
6% > $100,000

Standard deduction: N/A

Personal exemptions per filer: $9,000

Exemptions per dependent: $1,000

In Louisiana, federal tax payments are deducted on the state filing. Residents don’t owe any other local taxes.

Single filers making Louisiana’s median income of $49,469 can expect to pay $1,729 in state income taxes, or 3.49% of their incomes.

15. Rhode Island State Income Tax

Single and Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

3.75% > $0
4.75% > $65,250
5.99% > $148,350

Standard deduction: $8,900 for single filers, $17,800 for joint filers.

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $4,150

Federal taxes are not deducted on the state return in Rhode Island, and no other local income taxes are added.

A single filer earning Rhode Island’s median income of $67,187 will pay roughly $2,185 in state income taxes, or 3.25% of yearly income.

14.  Indiana State Income Tax

Single and joint filers pay 3.23% of their federal adjusted gross income to the state of Indiana.

Standard deduction: N/A

Personal exemptions per filer: $1,000

Exemptions per dependent: $1,000

Other county or municipal taxes might apply, and federal tax payments are not deducted before assessing residents’ state tax burdens.

A single filer earning Indiana’s median income of $56,303 can expect to pay $1,819 in state income taxes, or 3.23% of yearly income.

13. New Mexico State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

1.7% > $0
3.2% > $5,500
4.7% > $11,000
4.9% > $16,000
5.9% > $210,000

Standard deduction: $12,400

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: N/A

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

1.7% > $0
3.2% > $8,000
4.7% > $16,000
4.9% > $24,000

Standard deduction: $24,800

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: N/A

Federal taxes are not deducted on state returns in New Mexico, and no other local income taxes are levied.

In New Mexico, a single filer making the median income of $49,754 can expect to pay $1,551 in state income taxes, or 3.12% of early income.

12. Pennsylvania State Income Tax

Single and joint filersin Pennsylvania pay 3.07% in state taxes if they’re earning any income. Standard deductions, personal exemptions and exemptions for dependents are not applicable.

Federal taxes are not deducted before assessing state tax burdens in Pennsylvania, and other local income taxes might be added.

A single filer making Pennsylvania’s median income of $61,744 can expect to pay $1,896 in state income taxes, or 3.07% of yearly income.

11. Arizona State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

2.59% > $0
3.34% > $26,500
4.17% > $53,000
4.5% > $159,000

Standard deduction: $12,400

Personal exemptions per filer: N/A

Exemptions per dependent: $100

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

2.59% > $0
3.34% > $53,000
4.17% > $106,000
4.5% > $318,000

Standard deduction: $24,800

Personal exemptions per filer: N/A

Exemptions per dependent: $100

Federal tax payments aren’t deducted before determining state income tax burdens, and no other local taxes apply to Arizona residents.

A single filer making Arizona’s median income of $58,945 can expect to pay $1,356 in state income taxes, or 2.3% of yearly income.

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10. Ohio State Income Tax

Single and Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

2.85% > $21,750
3.33% > $43,450
3.8% > $86,900
4.41% > $108,700
4.8% > $217,400

Standard deduction: N/A

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: $2,350

Federal tax payments aren’t deducted for Ohio residents on their state taxes, and other local income taxes might be added.

Single filers making Ohio’s median income of $56,602 can expect to pay taxes worth 1.87% of that income, totaling $1,056.

9. North Dakota State Income Tax

Single Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

1.1% > $0
2.04% > $39,450
2.27% > $95,500
2.64% > $199,250
2.9% > $433,200

Standard deduction: $12,400

Personal exemptions per filer: N/A

Exemptions per dependent: N/A

Joint Filers

Tax rate by income bracket: 

1.1% > $0
2.04% > $65,900
2.27% > $159,200
2.64% > $242,550
2.9% > $433,200

Standard deduction: $24,800

Personal exemptions per filer and per dependent: N/A

Federal tax payments are not deducted on state filings in North Dakota and no other local income taxes are levied.

A single filer making North Dakota’s median income of $64,894 will pay $700 in state income taxes, or 1.08% of yearly income.

8. Alaska State Income Tax

Those residing in Alaska can rejoice: The state doesn’t charge its residents any state income tax.

A single filer making Alaska’s median income of $77,640 can expect to pay $0 in state income taxes, or 0% of yearly income.

7. Florida State Income Tax

Florida does not charge its residents any state income taxes.

In Florida, single filers making the median income of $55,660 can expect to pay $0 in state income taxes, or 0% of yearly income.

6. Nevada State Income Tax

Nevada residents benefit from the fact that the state does not levy a state income tax.

A single filer earning Nevada’s median income of $60,365 can expect to pay $0 in state income taxes, or 0% of yearly income.

Remember: Here are the tax receipts you should be saving

5. South Dakota State Income Tax

No state tax is levied in South Dakota.

A single filer making South Dakota’s median income of $58,275 will pay $0 in state income taxes, or 0% of yearly income.

4. Tennessee State Income Tax

Tennessee does not charge its residents income tax.

A single filer making Tennessee’s median income of $53,320 will pay $0 in state income taxes, or 0% of yearly income.

3. Texas State Income Tax

Texans don’t pay any taxes to the state on their income.

Single filers making Texas’ median income of $61,874 will pay $0 in state income taxes, or 0% of yearly income.

2. Washington State Income Tax

Residents of the State of Washington do not pay any state taxes.

A single filer earning Washington’s median income annually of $73,775 can expect to pay $0 in state income taxes, or 0% of yearly income.

1. Wyoming State Income Tax

Those residing in Wyoming do not pay state income taxes.

A single filer making Wyoming’s median income of $64,049 can expect to pay $0 in state income taxes, or 0% of yearly income.

More From GOBankingRates

Jami Farkas contributed to the reporting of this article. 

Methodology: For this piece, GOBankingRates reported on four factors that affect state income tax filings: (1) 2021 income brackets and their associated tax rates for single and joint filers, (2) 2021 standard deduction amounts for single and joint filers, (3) the personal exemption per filer, and (4) the personal exemption per dependent. GOBankingRates sourced all four factors from the Tax Foundation. Then, GOBankingRates used 2019 data from the American Community Survey conducted by the Census Bureau to find (5) the median household income in each state. Using an in-house tax calculator and data from the Tax Foundation, assuming a single filer with no dependents taking the standard deduction, GOBankingRates then calculated (6) the effective state income tax rate on a person making the median income in each state. States were then ranked against each other with the state with the highest effective income tax rate (the worst state for income tax) listed at No. 1.

Last updated: Feb. 16, 2021

About the Author

Christina Lavingia is a politics and finance reporter. Her articles and commentary have been featured on Yahoo! Finance, The Today Show, MSN Money, Investopedia, MarketWatch, The Huffington Post, Daily Finance, The Motley Fool, U.S. News and Business Insider.

Ranked: The Best and Worst States for Income Tax
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