Older Workers Were Forced Into Big Decisions During the Pandemic — Here’s What To Know
The COVID-19 pandemic upended the U.S. economy and workforce on a grand scale. A U.N. report released in January stated that the number of job losses during the pandemic stands four times greater than the number of losses during the Great Recession. And many of those job losses have affected older workers. Older workers were forced to face some life-changing decisions as a result of the pandemic, including whether to keep working, the effects of retiring early and how to find employment after losing their job as a result of the pandemic’s impact on the economy.
How the Risk of Illness Affected the Decision To Keep Working
Some older workers have jobs that are considered essential, such as plumbers, electricians, hardware store workers, mechanics, child care workers, grocery store workers and certain jobs at nonprofits and social service organizations. Unfortunately, these are the types of jobs that aren’t able to be done from home. So these older workers had to decide if staying in the workforce was worth the risk to their health and the people they live with.
According to the Centers for Disease Control, the risk for severe illness with COVID-19 increases with a person’s age, and older adults are at the highest risk. Older adults ages 50-64 are 25 times more likely to be hospitalized if they become infected with COVID-19 than those 5-17 years of age and 400 times more likely to die from a COVID-19 infection.
How Fear of Illness Affected Retirement Timing Decisions
Some older workers decided the risk of getting COVID-19 was not worth continuing to work and opted to retire. Unfortunately, that doesn’t mean every older worker was financially ready to retire.
Although the average monthly benefit from the Social Security Administration for retired workers is $1,514, you aren’t eligible for Social Security until you are at least 62. And if you choose to draw your benefits early at age 62, they will be reduced considerably from the amount you would receive at the normal retirement age, which is 65 to 67, depending on your birth year.
Workers who retire before age 62 are not eligible for Social Security benefits and would have to rely on their savings. According to the Federal Reserve, only 54.5% of households with people ages 55-64 have retirement accounts. That percentage drops for people ages 65-72 to 48.2%.
Unfortunately, retirement is expensive. According to AARP, the average rule of thumb is that you should have 80% of your pre-retirement income available to you in retirement. A GOBankingRates retirement income study found that some states, like Mississippi, would require around $666,000 in savings to retire — in addition to one’s Social Security benefit — to cover expenses. Other states, like Oregon, would require double that figure — over $1.3 million — in savings to cover retirement.
How High Unemployment Affected Job Decisions
Some older workers didn’t have a choice. They worked in jobs that weren’t considered essential and did not offer the option to work from home, so they were effectively out of a job. And if these older workers do plan to begin seeking employment at some point, it could take them twice as long to get hired again than younger workers and they will likely take a hit in pay, according to Monique Morrissey at the nonprofit Economic Policy Institute, as reported by Next Avenue.
From April through September of last year, and in November and December, workers 55 and older had higher unemployment rates than workers 35 to 54, according to Bureau of Labor Statistics data, which is unusual. Morrissey told Next Avenue, “Usually, in a recession, because older workers have more tenure than younger workers, they’re less likely to lose their jobs. But this time, you can’t say they’re less affected. In fact, workers in their fifties and older are more likely to be unemployed due to the recession.”
One thing’s for certain: The coronavirus and recession will inevitably increase senior poverty, according to Morrissey.
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