# Here’s How Much Americans Pay in Taxes in Every State

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How much do Americans pay in taxes? The answer differs greatly from state to state because state tax rates vary so much. In fact, the difference among the average tax burdens across the U.S. can be thousands of dollars, GOBankingRates found. We examined the average amount residents in all 50 states and the District of Columbia pay in income, property, sales and gas taxes.

Click through to see the most and least tax-friendly states.

## Alabama: $8,407.85 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$4,238.46

**State income taxes paid: **$1,810.98

**Gas taxes paid: **$257.87

**Sales taxes paid: **$3,354.72

**Property taxes paid: **$556.80

Total taxes paid in Alabama are the eighth lowest, on average, in the U.S. Homeowners in this state have the second-lowest property tax bill, on average, thanks to a low 0.435 percent tax rate. However, a low median home value also plays a role in the low property taxes paid. In fact, Alabama is one of the cheapest places to build a home, another GOBankingRates study found.

## Alaska: $14,640.22 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$10,590.18

**State income taxes paid: **$0.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$201.39

**Sales taxes paid: **$539.62

**Property taxes paid:**$3,309.03

Although Alaska is one of the states with no income tax, total taxes paid here are the 10th-highest in the U.S. The state’s median household income of $74,444 generates a big federal income tax bill. However, Alaska does have the lowest gas taxes paid.

## Arizona: $10,278.85 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$5,507.30

**State income taxes paid: **$1,386.18

**Gas taxes paid: **$245.34

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,553.98

**Property taxes paid:**$1,972.23

State income taxes paid in Arizona are lower than in most states due to the low median household income here and relatively low income tax rates. Sales tax paid, on the other hand, is higher in Arizona than in a majority of states.

## Arkansas: $7,858.01 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$3,947.82

**State income taxes paid: **$1,829.91

**Gas taxes paid: **$263.71

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,885.11

**Property taxes paid:**$761.37

Arkansas has the fifth-lowest total tax burden on our list thanks to low federal income and property taxes paid in the state. It has the second-lowest average federal income tax bill because it has the second-lowest median household income in the U.S. And the average property tax bill in Arkansas is the third-lowest in the nation due to low median home values and a low property tax rate.

## California: $15,642.81 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$8,244.76

**State income taxes paid: **$3,183.83

**Gas taxes paid: **$471.60

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,618.36

**Property taxes paid:**$4,308.09

California has the fifth-highest tax burden, on average, because of high tax rates across the board. It has the second-highest gas taxes paid. And property and income taxes paid are high because of the state’s high home values and high median household income.

## Colorado: $12,711.57 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$7,966.90

**State income taxes paid: **$2,788.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$265.02

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,305.63

**Property taxes paid:**$2,174.02

Colorado residents pay more in taxes — and pay a higher percentage of their income toward taxes, on average — than residents in more than half of the other states. That’s because of the relatively high state income and sales taxes they pay.

## Connecticut: $17,037.90 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$9,998.60

**State income taxes paid: **$3,676.53

**Gas taxes paid: **$378.51

**Sales taxes paid: **$1,946.91

**Property taxes paid:**$4,713.88

Connecticut has the second-highest total tax burden, on average, in the U.S. Although the median household income is a high $71,755, taxes consume almost 24 percent of that income. In fact, Connecticut also is one of the least tax-friendly states for retirees, another GOBankingRates’ survey found.

## Delaware: $9,208.64 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$7,636.24

**State income taxes paid: **$2,819.57

**Gas taxes paid: **$271.58

**Sales taxes paid: **$0.00

**Property taxes paid:**$1,300.81

Delaware is one of the few states with no sales tax. So that helps make total taxes paid lower here than in most states. Delaware also has the 11th-lowest property taxes paid, on average.

## District of Columbia: $15,434.01 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$10,258.20

**State income taxes paid: **$4,599.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$274.86

**Sales taxes paid: **$1,762.95

**Property taxes paid:**$3,137.99

Washington, D.C., has the second-highest state income taxes paid due to its high tax rate and high median household income of $72,935. Taxes as a percentage of income in the nation’s capital are about 21 percent, which is a higher percentage than in a majority of states.

## Florida: $9,839.21 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$4,970.50

**State income taxes paid: **$0.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$393.53

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,084.88

**Property taxes paid:**$2,390.30

Florida is a state with no income tax, so that helps offset high gas taxes paid in the state. Property taxes paid also are relatively high because the median home value and tax rate are higher than in more than half of the states. Despite higher property taxes, many cities in Florida are ideal for buying investment property.

## Georgia: $9,512.06 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$5,440.64

**State income taxes paid: **$2,734.22

**Gas taxes paid: **$327.93

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,192.19

**Property taxes paid:**$1,551.30

Georgia ranks 17th for total taxes paid but 15th for taxes paid as a percentage of income because the median household income is higher here than in some states with lower tax burdens. A relatively low property tax bill in Georgia also helps keep the total taxes paid lower here than in a majority of states.

## Hawaii: $13,528.92 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$10,047.44

**State income taxes paid: **$5,108.18

**Gas taxes paid: **$412.49

**Sales taxes paid: **$1,333.71

**Property taxes paid:**$1,735.28

Hawaii has the highest state income taxes paid of any state due to its relatively high income tax rate and high median household income of $71,977. And Hawaii has the fourth-highest gas taxes paid. In addition to high taxes, living expenses are also particularly high in Hawaii.

## Idaho: $8,761.08 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$5,030.78

**State income taxes paid: **$3,214.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$337.18

**Sales taxes paid: **$1,848.80

**Property taxes paid:**$1,544.31

Total taxes paid in Idaho are lower than in most states. The median household income is $49,174 and taxes consume just 17.8 percent of income, on average — which is the ninth-lowest percentage on our list.

## Illinois: $14,100.66 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$7,235.62

**State income taxes paid: **$2,930.20

**Gas taxes paid: **$351.75

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,667.42

**Property taxes paid:**$3,845.87

High sales, property and state income taxes contribute to a large total tax bill in Illinois. Overall, Illinois residents pay 23.8 percent of their income, on average, toward taxes, the fourth-highest percentage of all states.

**Everything You Need to Know: Illinois State Taxes**

## Indiana: $8,953.29 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$5,307.76

**State income taxes paid: **$1,628.99

**Gas taxes paid: **$395.57

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,146.20

**Property taxes paid:**$1,103.76

The tax burden in Indiana is lower, on average, than in most states due largely to low state income taxes paid. Plus, Indiana has the ninth-lowest property taxes paid, on average.

## Iowa: $10,558.08 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$6,217.90

**State income taxes paid: **$2,762.29

**Gas taxes paid: **$320.78

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,084.88

**Property taxes paid:**$1,934.52

Iowa ranks around the middle of states for total taxes paid. State income taxes paid here are higher than in a majority of states. But property taxes paid in Iowa are lower than in half of the states because of Iowa’s low median home value.

## Kansas: $10,748.19 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$5,998.12

**State income taxes paid: **$2,425.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$278.34

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,661.29

**Property taxes paid:**$1,810.44

Kansas has the eighth-highest sales tax paid because of its 8.68 percent tax rate. Plus, state income taxes paid here are higher than in more than half of the states.

## Kentucky: $7,536.60 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$4,244.82

**State income taxes paid: **$2,268.30

**Gas taxes paid: **$291.26

**Sales taxes paid: **$1,839.60

**Property taxes paid:**$1,160.92

Kentucky has the fourth-lowest total tax bill on the list. Federal income and property taxes paid are particularly low, on average, due to the state’s low median income and property value. However, Kentucky ranks around the middle of states for state income taxes paid because of its relatively high 6 percent tax rate.

## Louisiana: $8,627.36 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$4,345.74

**State income taxes paid: **$1,555.43

**Gas taxes paid: **$251.97

**Sales taxes paid: **$3,072.13

**Property taxes paid:**$957.52

Louisiana’s average tax burden is the ninth-lowest in the U.S. thanks to low income and property taxes paid in the state. However, Louisiana residents pay more in sales taxes, on average, than residents in any state except Alabama thanks to the state’s 10.02 percent sales tax rate. Wait to make purchases until Louisiana’s tax-free weekends, when no sales tax is collected.

## Maine: $10,190.48 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$5,394.22

**State income taxes paid: **$2,623.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$317.57

**Sales taxes paid: **$1,686.30

**Property taxes paid:**$2,792.39

The total tax burden paid in Maine is lower than in half of the states because federal income taxes paid are low as a result of the state’s low median household income. State income taxes and property taxes, on the other hand, are higher here than in a majority of states.

## Maryland: $16,096.75 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$10,947.24

**State income taxes paid: **$3,518.18

**Gas taxes paid: **$342.43

**Sales taxes paid: **$1,839.60

**Property taxes paid:**$2,967.48

Maryland has the fourth-highest total taxes paid. The biggest contributor to the state’s tax burden is a big federal income tax bill on Maryland’s median household income of $76,067 — the highest in the nation.

## Massachusetts: $16,598.00 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$9,822.38

**State income taxes paid: **$3,516.65

**Gas taxes paid: **$294.81

**Sales taxes paid: **$1,916.25

**Property taxes paid:**$4,564.57

Massachusetts has the third-highest total tax burden, due in large part to big income tax bills on the state’s high median household income of $70,954. Massachusetts also has the fifth-highest property taxes paid because its average home value is among the highest. In Boston, 75 percent of households can’t afford to buy a home.

## Michigan: $10,168.27 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$5,389.16

**State income taxes paid: **$2,159.13

**Gas taxes paid: **$397.14

**Sales taxes paid: **$1,839.60

**Property taxes paid:**$2,542.37

Total taxes paid in Michigan are lower than in half of the states. A relatively low sales tax rate helps keep down the tax burden in the state. Federal income taxes paid also are lower in Michigan than in a majority of states because of the low median household income here.

## Minnesota: $13,240.61 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$8,120.24

**State income taxes paid: **$3,851.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$308.32

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,274.97

**Property taxes paid:**$2,537.08

Total taxes paid in Minnesota are higher than in a majority of states due largely to a big federal income tax bill on its high median household income of $63,217. Relatively high sales and property taxes also contribute to a larger tax burden in Minnesota. There are still benefits to living in Minnesota, though — Minneapolis is the best city for millennials to buy a home.

## Mississippi: $7,086.42 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$3,730.86

**State income taxes paid: **$1,731.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$243.97

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,167.66

**Property taxes paid:**$943.94

Mississippi residents pay the third-lowest total tax bill in the nation. Federal income taxes paid here are the lowest in the nation due to the state’s low median income. And property taxes are among the lowest in the nation as a result of a low tax rate and a low median home value.

Even though the tax burden is low here, another GOBankingRates study found that Mississippi is one of the worst states to be rich.

## Missouri: $9,280.30 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$5,122.96

**State income taxes paid: **$2,025.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$234.52

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,462.00

**Property taxes paid:**$1,460.82

Relatively low federal income taxes paid on Missouri’s median household income of $49,593 help keep total taxes paid here lower than in the majority of states. Taxes consume just 18.7 percent of income in Missouri, on average.

**Keep Your Tax Rate Low: 50 Write-Offs You Don’t Know About**

## Montana: $7,034.50 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$4,856.10

**State income taxes paid: **$2,481.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$332.26

**Sales taxes paid: **$0.00

**Property taxes paid:**$1,846.14

Montana has the second-lowest total taxes paid, after West Virginia. However, it actually has the lowest tax as a percentage of income — 14.5 percent — because the median household income is higher here than in West Virginia.

The total tax bill is low in Montana because it’s one of four states with no sales tax. Property and income taxes also are lower than the national average.

## Nebraska: $11,546.97 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$6,176.98

**State income taxes paid: **$2,703.20

**Gas taxes paid: **$303.73

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,112.47

**Property taxes paid:**$2,953.79

The total tax bill in Nebraska is higher than in more than half of the states. In large part, it’s due to relatively high state income, sales and property taxes. On average, about 21 percent of income in Nebraska goes toward taxes.

## Nevada: $11,135.01 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$5,893.18

**State income taxes paid: **$0.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$342.30

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,495.72

**Property taxes paid:**$2,403.81

Even though Nevada has no state income tax, the total taxes paid here are higher than in half of the states. That’s because sales and gas taxes paid in Nevada are more than in a majority of states.

## New Hampshire: $14,891.97 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$9,279.20

**State income taxes paid: **$0.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$277.03

**Sales taxes paid: **$0.00

**Property taxes paid:**$5,335.74

New Hampshire has no state income or sales tax. However, it has the second-highest property taxes paid, on average. And federal income taxes paid are higher here than in most states because of New Hampshire’s high median household income of $68,485. New Hampshire is the best state for families to live a richer life, another GOBankingRates study found.

## New Jersey: $19,977.91 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$10,426.94

**State income taxes paid: **$2,850.82

**Gas taxes paid: **$364.08

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,023.56

**Property taxes paid:**$7,163.33

Taxes consume a whopping 27 percent of income in New Jersey — the highest percentage of any state. The total tax bill is the highest of all states, too. The property taxes paid are also the highest in the country, even though home values are only ninth-highest, thanks to the highest property tax rate in the country. These factors and others make New Jersey a tough place to buy your first home.

## New Mexico: $8,261.34 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$4,348.38

**State income taxes paid: **$1,845.83

**Gas taxes paid: **$244.56

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,348.56

**Property taxes paid:**$1,319.85

New Mexico has the seventh-lowest total tax bill, on average, in the U.S. Property and income taxes paid are among the lowest of all states — due, in large part, to a low median income and a low median home value in the state.

## New York: $15,467.46 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$7,575.52

**State income taxes paid: **$3,063.87

**Gas taxes paid: **$411.31

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,603.03

**Property taxes paid:**$4,877.60

New York has the sixth-highest total taxes paid. A relatively high median household income of $60,741 plays a role in big federal and state income tax bills. And gas, sales and property taxes paid here are higher than in most states.

## North Carolina: $8,739.29 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$4,828.82

**State income taxes paid: **$2,212.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$352.60

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,130.87

**Property taxes paid:**$1,427.00

The total tax bill in North Carolina is the 10th lowest, on average, in the U.S. North Carolina residents pay less in income taxes than residents of most states because the median household income here is low. About 18 percent of the median household income of $48,256 goes toward taxes.

## North Dakota: $12,034.36 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$7,217.58

**State income taxes paid: **$773.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$271.58

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,084.88

**Property taxes paid:**$2,460.32

Residents in North Dakota pay higher-than-average taxes compared across all states, but not by much. One place where there are big savings is in state taxes. Of the states that have an income tax, North Dakota is the lowest, at an average of $773 paid per person.

## Ohio: $9,891.85 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$5,360.78

**State income taxes paid: **$1,417.05

**Gas taxes paid: **$304.45

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,192.19

**Property taxes paid:**$2,034.43

State income taxes paid in Ohio are among the lowest in the nation because of the state’s relatively low income tax rates and low median household income. However, sales taxes paid are higher here than in a majority of states.

## Oklahoma: $8,760.45 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$4,780.86

**State income taxes paid: **$1,896.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$232.22

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,731.81

**Property taxes paid:**$1,015.56

Oklahoma has the 12th-lowest tax bill in the nation. Income and property taxes paid are lower than in most states because median income and median home values are near the bottom of the list. However, residents are hit by a high 8.91 percent sales tax.

## Oregon: $9,742.40 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$5,931.90

**State income taxes paid: **$3,818.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$361.92

**Sales taxes paid: **$0.00

**Property taxes paid:**$3,448.58

Oregon has no sales tax, which helps offset the high state income taxes paid. In fact, Oregon is one of the most expensive states to file taxes because of its high top state income tax rate of 9.9 percent.

## Pennsylvania: $11,199.82 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$6,289.40

**State income taxes paid: **$1,685.28

**Gas taxes paid: **$505.78

**Sales taxes paid: **$1,943.84

**Property taxes paid:**$2,460.80

Pennsylvania has the highest gas taxes paid by any state. And property taxes paid are higher than in more than half of the states.

## Rhode Island: $13,862.38 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$7,057.64

**State income taxes paid: **$2,189.51

**Gas taxes paid: **$343.74

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,146.20

**Property taxes paid:**$4,314.80

Rhode Island has the sixth-highest property taxes paid because both the tax rate and average home value are higher than in most states. And it has the sixth-highest total tax as a proportion of income — 23.74 percent.

## South Carolina: $7,903.51 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$4,530.06

**State income taxes paid: **$2,925.62

**Gas taxes paid: **$256.82

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,259.64

**Property taxes paid:**$856.98

South Carolina’s total tax bill is the sixth-lowest in the nation due to low federal income, property and gas taxes paid in the state. It has the seventh-lowest property tax rate in the U.S. — 0.574 percent.

## South Dakota: $10,402.41 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$5,669.66

**State income taxes paid: **$0.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$317.50

**Sales taxes paid: **$1,962.24

**Property taxes paid:**$2,453.00

South Dakota has no state income tax, which helps keep total taxes paid here lower than in half of the states. However, South Dakota’s property tax rate is higher than in most states.

## Tennessee: $8,746.85 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$4,458.78

**State income taxes paid: **$0.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$287.33

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,900.44

**Property taxes paid:**$1,100.31

Tennessee has no state income tax, which is why the total taxes paid in the state are among the lowest on our list. However, Tennessee has the third-highest sales tax paid, on average, because of its high sales tax rate of 9.46 percent.

## Texas: $12,392.38 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$6,252.44

**State income taxes paid: **$0.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$251.90

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,504.92

**Property taxes paid:**$3,383.11

Even though there’s no state income tax, the total taxes paid in Texas are higher than in more than half of the states. That’s because sales and property taxes paid here are higher than in a majority of states.

## Utah: $12,172.78 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$7,966.46

**State income taxes paid: **$3,125.90

**Gas taxes paid: **$313.63

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,075.68

**Property taxes paid:**$1,817.01

The tax burden in Utah is higher than in more than half of the states because of high state income taxes paid. Federal income taxes paid also are higher in Utah than in a majority of the states because the median household income of $62,518 is relatively high.

## Vermont: $13,064.84 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$6,555.38

**State income taxes paid: **$2,412.87

**Gas taxes paid: **$322.23

**Sales taxes paid: **$1,894.79

**Property taxes paid:**$4,292.44

Hefty property taxes contribute to a tax burden in Vermont that’s higher than in a majority of states. Vermont has the eight-highest property taxes paid.

## Virginia: $13,591.54 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$8,765.28

**State income taxes paid: **$3,373.57

**Gas taxes paid: **$267.65

**Sales taxes paid: **$1,726.16

**Property taxes paid:**$2,832.45

Total taxes paid in Virginia are higher than in most states. This is largely due to the big income tax bill on the state’s high median household income of $66,149.

## Washington: $14,943.32 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$8,039.06

**State income taxes paid: **$0.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$444.77

**Sales taxes paid: **$2,814.59

**Property taxes paid:**$3,644.90

Even though Washington has no state income tax, it has the eighth-highest total taxes paid. Washington has the third-highest gas taxes paid, fifth-highest sales tax paid and 10th-highest property taxes paid.

## West Virginia: $6,837.16 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$3,984.78

**State income taxes paid: **$1,734.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$354.90

**Sales taxes paid: **$1,953.04

**Property taxes paid:**$544.44

The total tax bill in West Virginia is the lowest in the nation. The state’s property taxes are lowest in the nation due to the state’s low tax rate and low median home value. In fact, West Virginia is one of the most affordable places to buy a home, another GOBankingRates study found.

## Wisconsin: $11,529.70 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$6,127.70

**State income taxes paid: **$3,035.12

**Gas taxes paid: **$336.53

**Sales taxes paid: **$1,661.77

**Property taxes paid:**$3,403.70

Wisconsin residents pay a higher overall tax bill than residents in more than half of the states. Although it has one of the lowest amounts of sales tax paid, Wisconsin has higher state and property taxes paid than in a majority of states.

## Wyoming: $10,484.94 in Total Taxes Paid

**Federal income taxes paid: **$7,223.96

**State income taxes paid: **$0.00

**Gas taxes paid: **$278.14

**Sales taxes paid: **$1,674.04

**Property taxes paid:**$1,308.80

Wyoming residents pay a smaller percentage of their income — 17.7percent — than residents in most states. This is because the state has no income tax, and the median household income of $59,143 is higher than the national median.

## Comparing Highest and Lowest Tax Bills

All but one state where tax bills are the highest are clustered in the Northeast, and all but one state where tax bills are the lowest are clustered in the South. New Jersey has the highest average tax bill in the country, and the highest percentage of median income goes to paying that bill — 27.11 percent. West Virginia has the lowest average tax bill, but another state takes the lowest percentage of income in total taxes — Montana, at 14.54 percent.

Click through to see how much of a $100,000 salary you’d take home in each state.

*Methodology: To generate the tax bill in every state, GOBankingRates surveyed four key taxes: **1) Income taxes, **2) Property taxes, **3) Sales taxes and **4) Gas taxes. **Income tax bills include both state and federal taxes and are based on 2016 Census Bureau American Community Survey median household income figures. Property taxes were calculated using each state’s rate and Zillow’s median home value index, data as of January 2018. Gas taxes are based on each state’s rate and an average annual consumption of 656 gallons, sourced from API.org on March 6, 2018. Sales taxes were calculated using each state’s tax rate, sourced from Tax Foundation, and Americans’ average daily spending of $101, sourced from Gallup.*

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