5 Reasons We Should Expect an Economic Recession in 2023

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Economists are pointing toward a global economic recession in 2023.

Although some definitions of a recession require two successive quarters of the GDP for a country falling, with unemployment rising to 6% or more, these markers can vary.

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The Collins English Dictionary has already declared 2022 a “permacrisis,” according to an article on the Economist website. The definition is “an extended period of instability and insecurity.”

Much of this instability is political, but could have economic ramifications. Experts are pinpointing five reasons we may expect an economic recession to begin in 2023.

1. Soaring Energy Costs

The turmoil in the Ukraine has exacerbated the world energy crisis, increasing fuel costs at the pump and placing further strain on the world’s already struggling supply chains.

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2. Higher Interest Rates

Since mid-2022, economists noted that the Fed’s interest rate hikes could spark a recession if not handled carefully. Forbes recently reported that, out of a survey of 54 countries, nearly all are similarly tightening their monetary policy. These changes could lead to even greater impacts, creating a worldwide recession.

3. Rising Food Prices

The interest rate hikes that caused double-digit inflation in the U.S. have especially affected food costs. Meanwhile, increased prices at the pump have led to higher costs to transport food. Since rising energy costs are a worldwide problem, so are rising food costs.

4. Rising Unemployment

For now, U.S. employment figures based on the latest jobs report remain low. But major tech companies have already begun laying off workers. If the trend continues, unemployment could rise, which is another factor that points to a recession.

5. Global Uncertainty and Instability

The Economist pinpointed three “shocks” affecting the world in 2022 and into 2023:

  • Economic or commodity shock
  • Geopolitical instability
  • Energy instability

Of these, global uncertainty could be the biggest driver of a recession in 2023. “Economic decoupling between the world’s two biggest economies is becoming a reality; a Chinese invasion of Taiwan is no longer implausible,” The Economist wrote. The fragile alliance between the U.S. and Saudi Arabia could also crack under pressure.

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As the world has largely merged into a closely connected global economy, these factors could have more affect on the U.S. economy than ever before.

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However, many experts are asserting that the U.S. recession will be “mild and short.” A strong labor market and healthy consumer and business balance sheets could help bolster economic health, according to The Conference Board, a global, non-profit think tank.

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About the Author

Dawn Allcot is a full-time freelance writer and content marketing specialist who geeks out about finance, e-commerce, technology, and real estate. Her lengthy list of publishing credits include Bankrate, Lending Tree, and Chase Bank. She is the founder and owner of GeekTravelGuide.net, a travel, technology, and entertainment website. She lives on Long Island, New York, with a veritable menagerie that includes 2 cats, a rambunctious kitten, and three lizards of varying sizes and personalities – plus her two kids and husband. Find her on Twitter, @DawnAllcot.
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