Did you know that whether or not you get a job offer could depend on the first few minutes of a job interview? Intangible factors, such as chemistry or establishing rapport with the interviewer, are factors difficult to control. However, there are tangible factors you can control to ace your next job interview.
20 Tips on How to Prepare for an Interview
Doing well at your interview can lead to the job offer you’ve always wanted. Here are 20 interview tips you should always remember:
1. Dress the Part
An impeccable appearance will boost your confidence, according to Wendy Green, corporate coach and author of “50 Things You Can Do Today to Boost Your Confidence.” Prepare your interview attire days in advance.
Also, make sure your outfit is dry cleaned and ready to wear. Dress in a manner that is appropriate for the role for which you are interviewing, ensure that your hair is tidy, and clean your fingernails. Keep jewelry, visible tattoos and piercings to a minimum.
2. Research the Company and Role
What type of person is the company seeking? What about skills? Assess existing staff and the corporate culture by doing your research about the company and the role you’re seeking before the interview. This will help you come up with questions to ask during the job interview.
3. Prepare Insightful Interview Questions
It’s important to prepare questions to ask at an interview. Your questions reflect your interest and knowledge. But, “you should also not ask questions that can be easily researched,” said Dr. Heather Rothbauer-Wanish, owner of Feather Communications, which provides professional training to businesses and individuals. “For example, asking about the organizational mission statement is not a good idea if that information is clearly posted on the company website.”
Instead, show interest in the interviewers by asking questions such as, “What is your favorite part about working here?” and “What does the typical day-to-day look like for someone in this role?”
4. Show Up on Time
Arriving late is so avoidable but a common complaint of many interviewers. Gary McKraken, author of “Successful Interview Tips, Techniques and Methods For Job Seekers and Career Changers” suggests, “Do a spot of reconnaissance first so you know where [the company] is, how to get there, where to park or what the public transport links are.”
If you are delayed for some reason and will be at least seven minutes late, show respect by calling the company and asking whether you should attend or reschedule if you will be more than 10 minutes late.
Related: 5 Reasons You’re Still Unemployed
5. Know Your Interviewers
Find out the names of your interviewers ahead of time, and research their areas of expertise. To really knock an interviewer’s socks off, when responding to one participant, refer to another by name. For example, “To follow-up on my response to Carol …” Remembering names is a difficult skill to master but one that leaves a lasting impression.
6. Smile and Be Courteous
According to Craft-CV.com, almost 67 percent of candidates fail to make eye contact. Not making eye contact during an interview could imply that you’re not paying attention. Additionally, nearly 50 percent fail to smile.
Nonverbal behavior can be more important than what you say and, according to Psychology Today, smiling “opens doors.” To be approachable and engaging during your job interview, practice shaking hands, smiling, making eye contact and the art of chit chat.
7. Be Careful of What You Say and Do While Waiting
Read company brochures, or scan the room for awards to refer to in the interview when waiting for your job interview to begin. However, Pauwels Consulting advises careful selection: “Don’t take a financial paper or an annual financial report off the table if you don’t have a substantiated opinion on finances. Imagine what would happen if the recruiter asks you about your opinion, and you can’t give a satisfactory answer.”
Other tips from the consulting firm: Don’t bring your own irrelevant reading materials (like a magazine or book), don’t pull out your phone and don’t look worried or indifferent.
8. Ask for the Job
If you can fully grasp your value to the company, explain how you can deliver. Laurie Berenson, job search strategist of Sterling Career Concepts, said, “Don’t be afraid to ask for the job … tell the interviewer that you’re interested in the role, that you feel you are a strong fit and would love to continue with the process.”
According to Berenson, “You won’t leave them guessing as to your interest level, and you might just come out on top of another equally qualified candidate who rushed out without reiterating enthusiasm for the role.”
9. Prepare for the ‘Weakness’ Question
In deciding how to prepare for an interview and predicting the questions that might arise, determine what the questions are really asking. So when you’re asked to describe your greatest weakness, remember that the interviewer wants to see if you can demonstrate a commitment to personal growth.
According to marketing strategy consultant and professor at Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business, Dorie Clark, “The secret to acing this trick interview question is to give an honest answer and then explain what you’re doing to overcome that weakness.”
10. Talk About the Value You’ll Add to the Company
Here’s a not-so-secret secret: Most employers want to hear that you will assimilate quickly and effectively contribute to the company’s future. Address these issues, and you might just land the job.
11. Stay Focused
During an interview, it’s important to stay focused on the questions the interviewer asks. In other words, don’t ramble. When asked a question, take a moment to think about the question and how you plan to answer. Keep your response short and to-the-point, and don’t let your example or anecdote go on and on. By staying on topic, you prove to the interviewer that you can remain focused, calm and articulate in a high-pressure situation.
12. Sound Confident
Preparation is the key to confidence. Boost your confidence levels by arming yourself with the best ammunition — robust, rehearsed and relevant responses. Understand your prospective role and provide concise examples that support your suitability. Using quantitative measures in your responses can help you sound confident as well. For example, you can say something like, “My latest marketing campaign increased sales by 36 percent.”
13. Don’t Fidget or Bite Your Nails
Nervous, distracting movements don’t convey confidence. “I once had an interviewee who swept his hand back and forth across the table for the entire interview,” wrote Katharine Hansen for Quintessential Careers, a career development site. “Another sniffed loudly and nervously throughout the session. Both were unaware of what they were doing. Some typical inappropriate behaviors are tapping, drumming, leg shaking, fidgeting, and twirling in a swivel chair.”
If you tend to display nervous habits during job interviews, a mock interview with an associate, college professor or even a friend can help you recognize those habits and eliminate them.
14. Pay Attention to Your Voice and Tone
Use a strong voice if you tend to speak quietly. Hansen’s recommendation is to avoid “pause words and phrases, such as ‘uh’, ‘ah,’ ‘um,’ ‘like,’ ‘you know’.” Instead, “end your responses definitively” and avoid “raising your voice in a questioning manner or speaking in a sing-song rhythm.”
15. Explain Why You’re Switching Jobs in a Positive Manner
You will most likely get asked, “Why are you looking to leave your current company?” So, it’s important that you prepare a positive response to this question — even if you hate your current boss. In a blog for the Huffington Post, Liz Ryan of Human Workplace advises a response such as, “I’m looking to work more independently in my next job, in a company that needs people who can figure out what to do and how to do it.”
But what if the real reason you’re switching jobs is because you want a higher salary? Ryan suggests saying, “I wasn’t going to be able to grow in that job.” Whatever you do, don’t complain about your employer, colleagues or assignments.
16. Prove That You Fit the Company Culture
“You can’t train for cultural fit,” said author Dan Schawbel in an interview with Business News Daily. “If an employee doesn’t fit the mold, then it’s going to be nearly impossible to force it on them. They will eventually get frustrated and quit because they will want something that you can’t provide them.”
During the interview process, ask insightful questions to help you determine if you are a good fit with the company’s culture. If you believe you do fit the culture, make sure the interviewer knows this by showing enthusiasm and interest.
17. Connect With the Interviewer
It’s a known fact that people relate to others who remind them of themselves. So, establish a connection with your interviewer to increase your chances of being selected. Research your interviewer on LinkedIn and Google to find a common factor that you can mention early in the interview. For example, perhaps you share an alma mater, an interest in a particular sport or have lived in the same area. When appropriate, mention one of these similarities during the job interview.
18. Be Interested in the Interviewer
Charm can work wonders in an interview. Bill Fish, president of Reputation Management Consultant, said, “Ask questions to the person performing the interview. It’s human nature to want to talk about yourself. Ask them how long they have been with the company, their career path, [and] ask pointed questions about the business that you researched prior to coming to the interview.”
19. Thank Your Interviewers
Thank every interviewer with a smile and a strong handshake. After the interview, send a follow-up thank-you note to each interviewer individually by email or mail, depending on the culture of the firm.
Remember that you can say more in a thank-you note after the interview. If you had a statement prepared but no opportunity to interject, write it in the note and send it as soon as you can after the interview.
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20. Follow Up
You have some control over the hiring decision post-interview. If a few days have passed since a promised response, contact the company and ask where they are in the process. “If you don’t get a reply in a few days, try again,” advises Monster.com, an employment website. “Yes, you might occasionally annoy a frazzled hiring manager. But as long as your messages are polite and brief, most interviewers are more likely to be impressed by your perseverance, communication skills and interest in the job.”