These Are the 5 Best and Worst States to Own a Car, Study Finds

See the true cost of owning a car in your state.

The costs of owning a car can add up. Even after you’ve paid what can be a hefty sticker price out of the gate, there’s still a range of different costs that you’re going to be paying for years to come to continue owning and operating your car.

And, depending on which state you call home, those ongoing expenses can be much higher, based on a study conducted by GOBankingRates.

The study collected data on six different metrics for one-time and recurring costs in all 50 states: car sales tax, annual registration fees, title fees, average annual auto insurance premiums, estimated annual fuel costs and the average cost of yearly repairs. Each metric was then combined to determine the total cost for the first three years of owning a car and the states were then ranked.

The Most and Least Expensive States to Own a Car

The most expensive state to own a car is Michigan, despite the state’s long connection with the auto industry. While the state actually featured the lowest average annual repair costs of any state, the highest annual insurance premiums ($2,484, on average) mean that Michiganders are paying a lot more.

Just across the border to the South, Ohioans are only paying an average of $952 a year in insurance premiums. Ohio is the sixth-least expensive state to own a car despite residents paying more for maintenance.

Another interesting breakdown would be the cost of gas from state to state. States that are near major pipeline hubs in Houston, Oklahoma and New Orleans tend to have much lower prices, with Texas being the state with the lowest prices and Mississippi, Alabama, Oklahoma and Louisiana all being among the top 11 states for the price of fuel. Likewise, Hawaii wasn’t a surprising state to top the list due to the cost of shipping fuel to the island state.

However, there are several examples of states where the border made for a hard barrier. Not only are Michiganders paying much more than Ohio residents for insurance, but they end up shelling out an average of 11 cents more a gallon for gas. Likewise, residents of West Virginia are paying $2.55 a gallon when just across the border Virginians are getting the same gas for $2.35 a gallon. And finally, New Hampshire — the state with the lowest costs for owning a car — was helped to that point by average gas costs of $2.51. But just across the border in Vermont, the cost of gas is averaging $2.63 a gallon.

Here is the complete ranking of the least expensive states to own a car:

RankStateTotal Costs – 3 Years Ownership
1New Hampshire$10,033.49
2North Carolina$10,458.23
3Virginia$10,717.46
4New Mexico$11,154.68
5Missouri$11,158.09
6Ohio$11,166.10
7Montana$11,167.41
8Mississippi$11,169.20
9Alaska$11,258.09
10Oregon$11,322.84
11Alabama$11,324.31
12Maine$11,449.34
13South Dakota$11,491.21
14South Carolina$11,676.77
15Indiana$11,809.76
16Georgia$11,909.96
17Nebraska$11,920.31
18Idaho$11,937.39
19Vermont$12,075.50
20Texas$12,305.11
21Tennessee$12,398.59
22Iowa$12,437.67
23Wyoming$12,442.65
24Wisconsin$12,517.71
25Oklahoma$12,524.43

And here are the most expensive states to own a car:

RankStateTotal Costs – 3 Years Ownership
1Michigan$16,239.29
2Nevada$15,431.62
3California$15,219.59
4Florida$14,995.86
5Connecticut$14,826.89
6Louisiana$14,535.43
7Rhode Island$14,531.68
8Hawaii$14,516.10
9Washington$14,445.41
10Pennsylvania$14,098.60
11New York$13,946.99
12Kentucky$13,630.09
13New Jersey$13,628.78
14Minnesota$13,598.71
15Maryland$13,463.55
16Colorado$13,056.18
17West Virginia$13,002.36
18Delaware$12,930.16
19North Dakota$12,929.17
20Arizona$12,719.93
21Utah$12,705.29
22Massachusetts$12,691.42
23Kansas$12,678.28
24Arkansas$12,644.98
25Illinois$12,569.36

Keep reading to see the true cost of owning an electric car.

Methodology: To generate these rankings, GOBankingRates surveyed and totaled the cost of buying and owning a car for three years in all 50 states. This total included six key car expenses: 1) Car sales tax, based on rates provided by CarMax.com and calculated on the average car transaction amount of $34,442 in June 2017 as reported by Kelley Blue Book.2) Registration fees, as reported by the National Conference of State Legislatures, calculated annually.3) Title fees, sourced from individual state DMV websites. 4) Average annual car insurance premiums, sourced from CarInsurance.com. 5) Annual gas expenses, based on an average of historical regular gas prices in each state sourced from AAA’s Fuel Gauge Report. The expense was calculated based on the assumption of a driver filling up a 14-gallon tank once a week. 6) Average car maintenance and repair costs in each state, sourced from CarMD’s 2017 State Repair Cost Rankings.

For title and registration fees, GOBankingRates assumed a car value of $34,968 and an average weight of 3,300 lbs. Car sales tax and title fee were counted once each, while recurring annual costs of registration fees, insurance premiums, gas expenses and car maintenance were each counted three times for a three-year total. This generated the total costs of buying and owning a car in each state. States were ranked according to this total to find the least and most expensive.