How to Budget Your Paycheck Like Elizabeth Warren and Jean Chatzky

Here's how to divide your paycheck like these two money mavens.

Financial experts give different suggestions for how we should divide up our paychecks. With so much varying financial advice, it can be hard to decide exactly how to budget your money. Drawing the line between wants and needs, deciding which of the two should come first, and how to quantify each category are some of the main issues that come up when trying to budget.

You’ll find there’s no concrete rule to setting a budget — but finding the right plan for your finances will make all the difference in making ends meet between paychecks. To figure out a good balance of spending and saving, check out these tips on how to budget your paycheck like Elizabeth Warren and Jean Chatzky.

Read: 50 Ways to Live the Big Life on a Small Budget

Divvy Up Those Dollars the Jean Chatzky Way

You can get by without many of today’s amenities, but you need a home. Common financial advice maintains that you should be putting roughly one-third of your paycheck toward housing — that can include the fixed costs of rent, a mortgage, home insurance and taxes, or expenses like maintenance costs.

Some recommend putting aside 30 percent for housing, but personal finance expert Jean Chatzky says that 35 percent is more like it. Either way, housing is what a large chunk of your income should be used for.

Experts advise setting aside anywhere from 10 to 15 percent for transportation — car payments, gas, insurance — though up to 20 percent is recommended by agencies like the Credit Counselling Society.

You should also be devoting 5 to 10 percent each to saving money and repaying credit card debt or other debt, with another 15 percent toward clothing, entertainment and miscellaneous expenses. The CCS is even more specific on this point; it recommends that 3 percent should go to medical expenses, no more than 5 percent to clothing and no more than 10 percent to discretionary spending.

Chatzky recommends budgeting no more than 65 percent of your pay toward all of your expenses, leaving 25 percent for miscellaneous or flexible spending and 10 percent for savings.

Take a look at the graphic below to visualize how this budget looks:

Budget Paycheck

Elizabeth Warren’s 50-30-20 Rule

Despite its name, Elizabeth Warren’s 50-30-20 rule is actually a customizable budgeting guide rather than an inflexible rule. The plan was created by the Massachusetts senator has been touted by financial columnist Liz Weston for its simple financial efficacy.

Putting the 50-30-20 rule in effect means that you divide your after-tax pay into three categories:

  • Needs
  • Wants
  • Savings

Following the 50-30-20 rule involves a few simple steps:

1. Begin With Your After-Tax Income

The amount of your after-tax income is the amount after all deductions — taxes, 401k, health insurance, etc. — have been made. You’ll find this amount listed on your pay stub as net pay.

2. Limit Needs to Half of Your Income

Needs and must-haves include the expenses you cannot skip. Rent, mortgage, utilities, car payments, auto insurance and food fall under this category.

3. Allocate 30 Percent of Your Income to Wants

Weston qualifies the following as wants, or things we can mostly do without:

  • Vacations
  • Gifts
  • Entertainment
  • Clothes
  • Dining out
  • Other leisurely spending pursuits

Some overlap does exist, according to Warren: Although a cell phone bill is a need, an unlimited or long-distance plan, for example, is a luxury.

4. Use 20 Percent for Paying Down Debt or Saving

The allotment for paying down debt or contributing to savings warrants the smallest percentage in the 50-30-20 breakdown, but it’s more important than spending on wants. Here, 20 percent is designed for short- and long-term saving, emergencies, tuition, future housing purchases or retirement savings, as well as reducing debt.

“To achieve financial independence and minimize the chances of disaster, you need to get rid of consumer debt, save for retirement and build your emergency fund,” Weston explained on the website of nonprofit financial education organization Cents Ability. “Any loan payments you make above the minimum belong in this category, as do contributions to your retirement and emergency funds.”

The 50-30-20 rule is a malleable structure, according to Jennifer Coates, managing editor for GOBankingRates. “Elizabeth Warren’s rule is, at its root, a guide,” said Coates. “Ultimately, you have to make choices in how you categorize each purchase so that none of your budgets are exceeded.”

Read: 17 Biggest Budgeting Mistakes You’re Making

Why Either Budget Strategy Works

Both Chatzky’s and Warren’s budgeting guides work because they’re 100-percent friendly to the individual person. They’re not a set of hard-and-fast financial laws; rather, they’re a pair of money management tools designed to be modified according to your needs.

By learning how to budget according to the pros, you can build the foundation for financial success. You can use the tips in this article as a template and adjust the weekly and monthly amounts you budget among your own expenses.

You might allot 25 percent toward housing, or 20 percent to saving. Tweak the numbers and see what works for you. A period of trial and error is part of the process, and you will find out exactly where all of your money is going and what costs are easiest to adjust — likely, food and transportation. After some time, you’ll find the perfect fit according to your income and the cost and amount of your revolving expenses.

By following one of these two plans, you’ll be able to identify the things you can’t afford, stop wasting money on those expenses, and save enough to spend on what you need and really want — which is what financial freedom is all about.

Read: Money Lessons From the ‘Rich Bitch’: An Interview With Nicole Lapin

  • Gazrok

    God I hate when gobanking articles pop up on flipboard. They are truly clueless…

    • yahoo

      I was thinking the same thing………spend 3% on medical………like that’s some type of thing anyone has any kind of control over………….WTF??!!!??

      • De

        i think the idea is to build a ‘nest egg” so to speak over a period of time in case you get incur medical expenses, it won’t take precedence over your income. this “nest egg” should cushion the blow that your health insurance isn’t helping you with

  • Jake L

    Why? I like a lot of them?

  • Michael

    on paper these tips sound like a good way of going about budgeting but when you have to apply these principles IRL things get sticky.

  • Thorny

    The problem we have is not a spending problem. It is an income problem. All our expenditures are reasonable and necessary. Ie food, insurance etc. we do not spend on unneeded items. Such a budget is unattainable for us due to the economy reducing what used to be a good income.

    I challenged any of these writers to see what they could do on our income.

  • BCB

    Excuse me, but nearly 16 percent of our household income goes to medical expenses and the new healthcare law assumes 8 percent for most individuals. I think that the models presented don’t represent that reality.

  • Some way of life.

    The problem is that the largest expenses are often ones we have little control over. Health/medical expenses for example. Some people live in place where rent and real estate are much higher as well and take up a larger percentage of the budget. I bet many reading this article have student loans to repay. Not everyone ends up in debt because of bad shopping habits. A bad year of medical expenses and car repair can lead to using credit cards for groceries. Our credit industry is predatory and wants to keep you in debt with high interest rates and fees. Instead of lower rates they offer discounts on additional purchases you make with the cards. The options you get for lines of credit for healthcare are often as shady as loan sharks. Do we need better education on responsible budgeting and handing debt for our young people? Absolutely, but we also need low interest rates and affordable monthly payments for people who have good credit and are trying to pay down their debt. The debt epidemic has been highlighted by Elizabeth Warren as a serious economic crisis for our nation, but unfortunately most politicians are not willing to regulate an industry that buys their loyalty. Instead, when times got tough, the banks got bailed out but not the consumers.

    • Yahoo

      I agree with you with the exception to your statement that seems to “implicate” Elizabeth Warren to one of the “politicians not willing to regulate industry”. I believe she is on OUR side with that because she has said that the “lobbyists for BIG corporations” NEED TO GO! So, I think she needs the consumers to help her. She is the one who created the “Consumer Protection Agency” to help us and I do not know of ONE Republican that has done anything like that! Republicans are held “hostage” by Grover Norquist when the signed the “pledge to NOT raise taxes”. Their “not raising taxes ONLY apply to their cronies in Big Industry” so hang in there and take a closer look at Elizabeth Warren because I believe she is trying her best, ALONE, to help all of us that make under a $60,000.00 (sixty-thousand dollars) per day like Mitt Romney. ….. Just my thoughts …. NO harm intended here. Take Care. DeNeice

    • Gloria Davis

      We really don’t need people to tell us how to save? We don’t get paid enough, but that doesn’t mean that you can’t find a way to save a few $$, with common sense.

  • Reallynow

    I love the amount of trashing on a very useful article. Yes, times are hard…. yes shit gets expensive, as someone who has been in the drain over and over because of car expenses I know. However proper money management is not one size fits all, this article is very helpful on getting a statistical starting point but is not tailored to everyone perfectly. You should adjust the amounts allocated to each area accordingly to your own expense. This is simply a starting point, and honestly to everyone complaining about how “clueless” this article writer or website is; they have money, the write anywhere from 30-70k a year and the website I am willing to bet a few million annual income, everyone posting seems to owe money… it’s kinda clear who is better at managing it.

  • Susan F. Thompson

    They erased my comments. No profanity just the truth about FICA.

  • Susan F. Thompson

    You gotta have income to plan a budget.

  • ron-paul henry

    ITS NOT WHAT YOU HAVE SAVED WHEN YOU RETIRE, ITS WHAT YOU DONT OWE. Buy quickbooks and put all income and expenses down on paper. You will be shocked what you spend most of your money on. There is also a budgeting tool. It will give you the graphs, ratio’s or percentages you need to manage your life.

  • Berndog

    I can see that they have missed the mark completely.
    The real way to save money is to look for any way to avoid taxes…….that 3 letter word…TAX is the biggest single cost for all workers as we have to pay tax on what we earn and after that 40% then all other taxes are added to that.
    Every $100 dollars we earn ,we end up with $60 and every tax or government charge is a portion of that. If there is a sales tax on an item, of say 10%,then as you have already paid 40% tax you add that tax to the sales tax and you get a tax rate of 14% .When you borrow money to buy something that has a tax on it, you now are borrowing money to pay tax ,so when you factor in all the taxes that a normal person will pay on just every day items, you will be astounded as to just how much you really have to save and spend.

  • dude

    what if you don’t make enough money to pay everything and eat to