Crypto Financial Lingo to Sound Like an Investing Expert

Bitcoin symbol with binary codes.
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Many of us are already rather familiar with some cryptocurrency jargon, thanks, partly, to the popularity of Bitcoin and Doge in recent months, coupled with the Elon Musks of the world and their constant tweets about the digital currencies.

See: Cryptocurrency Jargon: A Guide for the Crypto-Curious
Find: Six Best Blockchain Stocks To Buy Right Now

Let’s delve a bit deeper:

Blockchain

A blockchain is a decentralized ledger, which records transactions, or blocks of information, in an immutable, verifiable and timestamped way.

Altcoin

An altcoin is a cryptocurrency that is not Bitcoin.

Inquire: What Are Altcoins — and Are the Potential Rewards Worth the Risks?

Stablecoin

Stablecoins are cryptocurrencies whose aim is to remain stable and have low volatility. They can be pegged to a currency or a commodity, such as gold.

Wallet

It literally is just that: a digital wallet enabling users to store, retrieve and use their cryptos.

NFT

Non-fungible tokens are digital assets that represent a wide range of unique tangible and intangible items, from collectible sports cards to virtual real estate and even digital sneakers, CoinDesk explains. They are recorded on a blockchain, a distributed ledger that is immutable, verifiable and decentralized.

They have gained popularity lately and examples include Christie’s first sale of digital NFT based artwork-a JPG by the digital artist Mike Winkelmann, known as Beeple —  for a whopping $69.34 million in March.

Building Wealth

Learn: The Hype Around NFTs: What Are They? And How Pricey Do They Get?

Satoshi Nakamoto

The person, or group of people, who invented Bitcoin and created the Bitcoin protocol. Satoshi Nakamoto wrote a whitepaper in 2009,  Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System.

“A purely peer-to-peer version of electronic cash would allow online payments to be sent directly from one party to another without going through a financial institution. Digital signatures provide part of the solution, but the main benefits are lost if a trusted third party is still required to prevent double-spending. We propose a solution to the double-spending problem using a peer-to-peer network. The network timestamps transactions by hashing them into an ongoing chain of hash-based proof-of-work, forming a record that cannot be changed without redoing the proof-of-work,” the whitepaper explains.

Satoshi

A satoshi (SAT) is the smallest unit of Bitcoin, equal to 0.00000001 BTC.

Discover: Is the Fed Ready for Its Own Digital Currency?

Bitcoin pizza

In May 2010, in the early days of Bitcoin, programmer Laszlo Hanyecz used the crypto to buy two Papa John’s pizzas for 10,000 bitcoins. As of today, the price of the two pizzas is in the  $365 million range.

The event has now an annual Bitcoin Pizza Day in May and has the Twitter handle: @bitcoin_pizza.

Building Wealth

ERC-20

The Ethereum Request for Comments 20 proposed by Fabian Vogelsteller in November 2015, is a standard to issue and implement tokens on Ethereum.

See: Here’s a Bitcoin Timeline for Everything You Need To Know About the Cryptocurrency
Find: Ethereum: All You Need To Know To Decide If This Crypto Is Worth the Investment

Fiat

Fiat money refers to currencies issued by governments.

ICO

ICOs are Initial Coin Offerings — a type of fundraising with cryptos. They became extremely popular in 2017.

Still unsure of what’s being said? Check out GOBankingRates crypto guide to the basics to learn more.

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About the Author

Yaël Bizouati-Kennedy is a former full-time financial journalist and has written for several publications, including Dow Jones, The Financial Times Group, Bloomberg and Business Insider. She also worked as a vice president/senior content writer for major NYC-based financial companies, including New York Life and MSCI. Yaël is now freelancing and most recently, she co-authored  the book “Blockchain for Medical Research: Accelerating Trust in Healthcare,” with Dr. Sean Manion. (CRC Press, April 2020) She holds two master’s degrees, including one in Journalism from New York University and one in Russian Studies from Université Toulouse-Jean Jaurès, France.

Crypto Financial Lingo to Sound Like an Investing Expert
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