- The Equal Pay Act was signed in 1963, requiring men and women to be paid the same for equal work.
- Women typically earn less than men in every occupation and field — but not always.
- A recent GOBankingRates study analyzed the occupations with the lowest gender gap.
It’s been more than 50 years since President John F. Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act, banning gender-based wage discrimination in the United States. Yet, on average, women still earn less than men in nearly every occupation — continuing the gender pay gap. A gender pay gap is a difference in which women and men get paid. In most cases, women are paid far less than men to do the same job within their respective industry.
However, there are industries in which women are racing to close the gender pay gap — and even successful in earning more. A recent GOBankingRates study that analyzed male and female earnings among 50 jobs found there are several jobs where women are earning more than men. And, there are a few jobs where the gender pay gap is as small as $2 or $5.
Click to See the Full Study: 50 Jobs With the Lowest Gender Pay Gaps
5 Jobs Where Women Make More Than Men
In the right profession, a woman can earn more than her male counterpart. Women’s salaries in the following five jobs are higher than men’s.
Advertising Sales Agents
Women’s Median Weekly Earnings: $1,053
Men’s Median Weekly Earnings: $950
Are women better at selling things than men? In 2018, women made $103 more a week than men in the advertising sales agent industry.
Women haven’t always made more than men in this occupation, however. In 2008, women made an average of $75 less a week in this particular field, and in 2013 made $137 less. The 10-year change in women’s earnings is 31 percent, one of the highest jumps in women’s pay.
Clinical Laboratory Technologists and Technicians
Women’s Median Weekly Earnings: $911
Men’s Median Weekly Earnings: $819
The physician and surgeon occupation is ranked No.1 for the worst pay gap in the country, with an average weekly difference of $836 between men and women. However, the clinical lab technologists and technicians’ field has seen a 21.5 percent change in women’s pay within the past 10 years, with women earning $92 more per week than men in 2018.
Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks
Women’s Median Weekly Earnings: $766
Men’s Median Weekly Earnings: $681
The reservation, ticketing and travel clerk industry has seen the largest 10-year growth in women’s pay at 42.4 percent, with women making $214 less than men in 2008. However, the industry closed the gap for women in 2018 with an almost $300 difference in wages, overtaking men in the travel industry.
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Food Prep Workers and Servers
Women’s Median Weekly Earnings: $475
Men’s Median Weekly Earnings: $410
This particular pay gap combines food preparation and serving workers, including the fast food industry. Over the past 10 years, women’s pay has gone up 39.3 percent, with their weekly earnings at $341 in 2008. Although women made $8 less per week in 2018 than in 2013, the male median weekly pay also fell $184 in that five-year time frame.
Billing and Posting Clerks
Women’s Median Weekly Earnings: $725
Men’s Median Weekly Earnings: $664
Within the past five years, the median weekly earnings for women in the billing and posting clerk industry have increased $139. The change in pay from 2008-2013 only saw a small $11 increase in women’s weekly pay. However, if current trends hold, the $61 difference between men and women will continue to steadily climb.
Did You Know? Married Men Earn $30K More Than Everyone Else
5 Jobs With the Smallest Gender Pay Gaps
In the following five jobs, the wage gap between women and men is small and almost nonexistent.
Wholesale and Retail Buyers
Women’s Weekly Median Earnings: $880
Men’s Weekly Median Earnings: $878
The wholesale and retail buyer industry only reflects a mere two-dollar difference. However, the gap has not always been so small. 10 years ago, men made $25 more than women in weekly earnings, whereas they made $59 less in 2013.
Women’s Weekly Median Earnings: $463
Men’s Weekly Median Earnings: $468
Cashier is the first occupation in this study where men are making more in 2018 weekly earnings. However, with a $50 difference in 2008, the pay gap is significantly closing with just $5 separating the compensation 10 years later.
Customer Service Representatives
Women’s Weekly Median Earnings: $680
Men’s Weekly Median Earnings: $689
Women are currently making a bit less in the customer service industry. However, the 10-year change in women’s earnings is 19.7 percent, edging closer to equal pay with a $9 difference in 2018. Just five years ago, the pay gap was much larger, with men making $23 more a week.
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers
Women’s Weekly Median Earnings: $570
Men’s Weekly Median Earnings: $558
The gender pay gap within the stock clerk and order filler industry has fluctuated over the past decade, with the men outearning women by $19 in 2013. Just a year later, the Bureau of Labor Statistics analyzed 125 occupations, with stock clerks and order fillers being the only profession where women made more than men. Women’s current median earnings hold steady with $12 more than men a week.
Postal Service Workers
Women’s Weekly Median Earnings: $771
Men’s Weekly Median Earnings: $758
In 2008, $52 separated men and women in the postal service industry, with men taking $905 home per week on average. Men in this field are making almost $150 less in median weekly earnings than they were 10 years ago. Women are closing the gap with $13 more in weekly compensation in 2018.
Click through to see why more than 20 percent of women change jobs.
More on Women in the Workplace
- Women Are Taking Over the Job Market in These 20 Cities
- These 13 Women Battled Workplace Discrimination — and Won
- Survey: A Higher Percentage of Women Got Raises in 2018
- Here’s the Industry That Pays Women a Staggering 38% Less Than Men
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Methodology: GOBankingRates determined the 50 jobs with the lowest gender pay gaps by analyzing data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Current Population Survey for 2018, 2013 and 2008, which includes figures on total number of workers and weekly earnings. Data was broken down into weekly earnings by gender and by detailed occupations. In occupations in which women earn more than men, the biggest positive difference between weekly earnings for women and weekly earnings for men were ranked the best. For occupations in which women earn less than men, the smallest negative difference between weekly earnings for women and weekly earnings for men were ranked the best. These combined form the final list.