Netflix has influenced how people watch movies and TV shows since the company was founded 20 years ago. It completely changed the rental market when it launched the world’s first DVD rental and sales site. In 1999, the company debuted its monthly subscription service, where customers could rent videos via mail for one monthly price. After trailblazing in that arena, Netflix set its sights higher and began delivering streaming video in 2007.
Constantly evolving, Netflix is now a major player in the original programming field, boasting original, award-winning productions such as “Stranger Things,” “Orange Is the New Black” and “House of Cards.” Throughout all of this innovation, Netflix’s stock price has reflected the company’s success, with a 15-year average return of 41.92 percent per year, as of Aug. 15, 2017. If you want to invest in money-making stocks, take a look at the storied history of Netflix as it turns 20.
The Netflix IPO and Its Aftermath
Netflix was formed by Reed Hastings and Marc Randolph in 1997, and the company went public in 2002. With 600,000 subscribers at the time, the company offered 5.5 million shares to the public at $15 per share on May 23, 2002.
In 2002, the company was growing rapidly but still hemorrhaging money. The year before, the last full year before its IPO, the company had revenues of $75.9 million but still managed to lose $38.6 million. In the first quarter of 2002, right before the IPO, the company lost an additional $3.6 million on revenues of $30.5 million.
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The First Netflix Stock Split
Less than two years after its IPO, the Netflix share price had run up to the point that management announced a stock split. At a price of around $80 per share, the stock had run up nearly 1,500 percent since its IPO.
On Feb. 12, 2004, Netflix split the stock 2 for 1. The share price reflected the booming success of the underlying business, as both revenues and subscribers had more than tripled since 2002. In 2004 alone, revenues were up 86 percent, and subscribers had grown by 76 percent.
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Netflix Stock Price Run-Up in 2010 and 2011
As with many stocks, Netflix suffered during the Great Recession in 2008. However, its recovery into 2011 was nothing short of spectacular. After dropping to a split-adjusted low price of $2.60 in November 2008, Netflix peaked at over $43 (split-adjusted) by mid-July 2011.
These stock moves reflected the enormous gains of the underlying business. In Q2 of 2011, Netflix reported a 75 percent year-over-year gain in net subscribers, along with a 48 percent year-over-year gain in profits. Domestic operating margins came in a 16.3 percent, well above the internal Netflix target of 14 percent.
The Netflix/Qwikster Split and 2011 Decline
Even successful companies can make financial missteps, and Netflix is no exception. In 2011, the company made two strategic moves that hurt its stock price. First, Netflix announced the splitting of its core business into two: the DVD-rental business, to be rebranded as Qwikster, and the online streaming business, to maintain the Netflix moniker.
Simultaneously, the company announced a pricing change, whereby subscribers could choose to pay $7.99 per month for either the DVD rental or the online streaming service, or $15.98 per month for both. This amounted to a 60 percent price increase, as previously the company had only charged $9.99 per month for both services combined.
Consumers didn’t like the move from the start, and subscribers dropped by a whopping 800,000 from Q2 to Q3 of 2011. The day after the announcement of the changes, Netflix’s stock price had dropped by 30 percent. Within four months, the stock price had cratered by 77 percent. By Oct. 11, 2011, the company had reversed its decision to introduce Qwikster as a separate business, and both DVD rentals and online streaming remained under the Netflix banner.
The Second Netflix Stock Split
By 2015, Netflix had turned its business completely around from the debacle of 2011. From the lows of 2008 to mid-2015, Netflix stock price had risen from $18 to upwards of $700 per share, necessitating a 7-for-1 stock split, which took place on July 14, 2015.
The split brought the stock price down to a more accessible range of around $100 per share. By the end of 2015, Netflix subscriber numbers were astronomical, topping 74 million global members.
Netflix Stock in 2017
After modest gains in 2016, Netflix is once again on the move in 2017. After closing at $123.80 per share at the end of 2016, Netflix’s share price had risen to $168.50, as of Aug. 15, 2017.
The company is regularly reporting year-over-year revenue growth of 28 percent or more, and it crossed the symbolic threshold of 100 million global subscribers in Q2 of 2017. On the original programming front, Netflix garnered 91 Emmy nominations across 27 programs. The company continues to invest in its future in an effort to maintain the impressive gains reflected in Netflix’s stock history.