How COVID-19 Made Retail Stronger in 2021 — and What’s Ahead for 2022

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If you need proof that necessity really is the mother of invention, look no further than the retail industry during the era of COVID-19. Nobody will argue that the pandemic was necessarily good for retail — thousands of stores across the United States shut down, after all — but the disruptive nature of COVID did force the retail industry to become more agile, dynamic and innovative.

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Much of that innovation has taken place on the digital front. Chains that were once laggards in e-commerce worked feverishly to improve their platforms in a lockdown environment where e-commerce was the only game in town. What’s more, consumers themselves took to e-commerce as never before. Most were not only stuck at home, but many were flush with cash from not traveling or dining out.

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Changes came fast and furious in the retail industry because of the sheer speed of the pandemic, which forced 10 years of e-commerce adoption and consumer change in the span of three months, Forbes reported earlier this year, citing a report from McKinsey research. A report from Salesforce research found that 88% of customers now expect companies to accelerate digital initiatives. Those that don’t face extinction.

The upshot is that an industry that looked like a dinosaur before the pandemic is emerging from it with renewed vigor. Retailers that survived the worst part of COVID are now back in expansion mode. In the U.S., chains with more than 50 stores are expected to have added 4,000-plus new locations in 2021, Bloomberg reported, led by discount chains such as Dollar General and Dollar Tree. That marks the first net gain in four years, according to data from IHL Group.

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An estimated 3,500 stores from this retail group closed in 2021, which is about 75% fewer than last year.

“The idea that stores are dead has been proven to be a fallacy,” Michael Baker, retail analyst at D.A. Davidson, told Bloomberg. “A lot of retailers are coming out of this stronger than going into it.”

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That strength is primarily seen in how retailers have innovated to meet changing market needs, which in many cases meant turning their business models upside down. This was especially true in terms of adopting new and better customer-service, order-fulfillment and inventory-management tools.

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Examples abound. Signet Jewelers, owner of the Jared brand, let customers join video calls with on-site sales associate to make large online purchases. Target tweaked its shopping app to allow drive-up customers to choose where bags are placed in their cars. Best Buy implemented curbside pickup systems so customers wouldn’t have to enter stores.

Meanwhile, many top chains are attracting more shoppers now than before the pandemic, Bloomberg noted. The list includes Target, Lowe’s, Dick’s Sporting Goods, Ulta Beauty and Bath & Body Works. Walmart, the world’s largest retailer, has nearly returned to its 2019 levels in terms of visitors to its stores, according to, a retail data and analysis firm. Foot traffic has increased partly because of a rise in online orders for pickup.

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The pandemic “completely changed the way we shop,” Greg Buzek, president of researcher IHL Group, told Bloomberg, adding that retailers are deploying new technology at a “once-in-a-generation” rate.

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About the Author

Vance Cariaga is a London-based writer, editor and journalist who previously held staff positions at Investor’s Business Daily, The Charlotte Business Journal and The Charlotte Observer. His work also appeared in Charlotte Magazine, Street & Smith’s Sports Business Journal and Business North Carolina magazine. He holds a B.A. in English from Appalachian State University and studied journalism at the University of South Carolina. His reporting earned awards from the North Carolina Press Association, the Green Eyeshade Awards and AlterNet. In addition to journalism, he has worked in banking, accounting and restaurant management. A native of North Carolina who also writes fiction, Vance’s short story, “Saint Christopher,” placed second in the 2019 Writer’s Digest Short Short Story Competition. Two of his short stories appear in With One Eye on the Cows, an anthology published by Ad Hoc Fiction in 2019. His debut novel, Voodoo Hideaway, was published in 2021 by Atmosphere Press.
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