Investors looking to make cash buying and selling stocks within one day are known as day traders. These investors believe that through certain day-trading strategies they can add up small daily wins into long-term profits. From a candlestick chart and candlestick patterns to momentum strategies, day traders have a language all their own. Online communities such as Warrior Trading provide day trading tips, support and strategies, but day trading is risky and only for speculative investors.
Here’s a window into trading stocks fast with multiple buy and sell orders. You’ll learn five day-trading strategies to try out.
1. Momentum Trading
With a momentum strategy, an investor jumps on a stock whose price is moving up. Things to look for in a momentum trading strategy are:
- A unique and major move in price, driven by a catalyst like a surprise earnings growth, a drug company’s huge, new treatment launch or news that a small company will be acquired by a larger firm
- Stock movement of 30 to 40 percent
- Smaller stocks, which trade faster due to the reduced number of outstanding shares
- Trends or ideas for momentum trading through tools like StockWits, a financial communications platform
To protect from oversize losses, Warrior Trading sets a stop-loss order just below the first price decline. The stop loss works like insurance: You place a sell order for the stock at a predetermined price, so if the stock price falls to a particular point, the shares are automatically sold, protecting you from further losses.
2. Scalping Strategy
The philosophy behind a scalping strategy is that small wins can add up to a lot of money at the end of the day. The scalper sets a buy and sell target and sticks to these predetermined levels. The scalping strategy is fast and at times, traders make buys and sells within a few seconds.
Scalping is one of the best day-trading strategies for confident traders who can make quick decisions and act on them without remorse or question. Users of the scalping strategy have enough discipline to sell immediately if they witness a price decline, thus minimizing losses. If you are easily distracted and lack razor-sharp focus, this isn’t a day trading strategy for you.
3. Pullback Trading Strategy
The first step in the pullback strategy is to look for a stock or ETF with an established trend. Next, monitor the trend until there’s a price decline from the trend. If the established trend is upward, then the downward price movement — or pullback — is an entry point for the day trader to buy.
Day traders use technical charts to understand a stock’s trend. Fidelity recommends looking for an uptrend with at least two successive high price movements before the pullback or price decline. Or, if shorting the stock, you’d look for two decreasing prices in a row. And if the trend completely reverses after you buy in, there’s no need to panic because the trend usually continues in the trending direction for a long while. You might find pullback candidates from the stocks making the biggest gains.
4. Breakout Trading
A breakout trade takes place when the stock price rises above the former top resistance price. But, it’s not as easy as looking at a chart, recognizing the resistance and then buying after a breakout. You should monitor the level of trading volume or how many shares are changing hands because breakout trades on high volume are more likely to be sustainable at the new higher price than those breakouts with less volume, according to Fidelity. Lower-volume breakouts are more likely to decline below former resistance levels, making it more difficult to profit.
In most cases, the stock will retreat after hitting the resistance level until there’s a catalyst for a stronger price movement. Above this specific price, there are more sellers than buyers, preventing the price from rising further.
5. News Trading
Stocks react quickly to news events. A missed earnings number will cause a stock price to fall; FDA approval for a new drug will cause a stock to take off. By keeping an eye on the business news, day traders can capitalize on the popular daily stories.
If bad news is out, you might short the stock during the day by “borrowing” shares of the stock from the investment firm and then selling those borrowed shares. If the stock price declines as expected, then you buy the shares back at the lower price and profit from the difference less a commission payment. If the news is good, you go long or buy the stock outright and sell the shares after the price rises.
“Day trading is extremely risky and can result in substantial financial losses in a very short period of time,” the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission warns. If you’re clamoring to try your hand at day trading, only invest money that you can afford to lose.